BACKGROUND/AIM: Chemotherapy offers a clear benefit in terms of survival rates of stage IV metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, but this advantage might be mitigated by the theoretical risks of short- and mid-term complications in the cases of contextual self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) positioning, which might also affect survival rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all available literature from Medline and Scopus databases to study the role of chemotherapy with or without the simultaneous administration of targeted therapy in increasing the risk of the complications after SEMS positioning and, eventually, in affecting the survival rates. RESULTS: Thirteen retrospective studies and 1 randomized controlled trial (RCT) were eligible for the present analysis. The study group consisted of a total of 682 patients. A total of 305 patients were treated with conventional chemotherapy, 212 with conventional chemotherapy also containing targeted therapy, and 165 with no chemotherapy administration. Chemotherapy administration did not increase the rate of SEMS-related complications and these complications did not affect the overall survival rates. CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy administration is not associated with a higher risk of SEMS-related complications and a reduction in the survival rates.

Endoscopic stenting and palliative chemotherapy in advanced colorectal cancer: friends or foes? An analysis of the current literature / Scotti, G. B.; Sapienza, P.; Lapolla, P.; Crocetti, D.; Tarallo, M.; Brachini, G.; Mingoli, A.; Fiori, E.. - In: IN VIVO. - ISSN 0258-851X. - 36:3(2022), pp. 1053-1058. [10.21873/invivo.12802]

Endoscopic stenting and palliative chemotherapy in advanced colorectal cancer: friends or foes? An analysis of the current literature

Scotti G. B.;Sapienza P.;Lapolla P.;Crocetti D.;Tarallo M.;Brachini G.;Mingoli A.;Fiori E.
2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM: Chemotherapy offers a clear benefit in terms of survival rates of stage IV metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, but this advantage might be mitigated by the theoretical risks of short- and mid-term complications in the cases of contextual self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) positioning, which might also affect survival rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all available literature from Medline and Scopus databases to study the role of chemotherapy with or without the simultaneous administration of targeted therapy in increasing the risk of the complications after SEMS positioning and, eventually, in affecting the survival rates. RESULTS: Thirteen retrospective studies and 1 randomized controlled trial (RCT) were eligible for the present analysis. The study group consisted of a total of 682 patients. A total of 305 patients were treated with conventional chemotherapy, 212 with conventional chemotherapy also containing targeted therapy, and 165 with no chemotherapy administration. Chemotherapy administration did not increase the rate of SEMS-related complications and these complications did not affect the overall survival rates. CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy administration is not associated with a higher risk of SEMS-related complications and a reduction in the survival rates.
2022
Colorectal cancer; endoscopic stenting; palliative chemotherapy; review; humans; palliative care; stents; treatment outcome; colorectal neoplasms; intestinal obstruction
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Endoscopic stenting and palliative chemotherapy in advanced colorectal cancer: friends or foes? An analysis of the current literature / Scotti, G. B.; Sapienza, P.; Lapolla, P.; Crocetti, D.; Tarallo, M.; Brachini, G.; Mingoli, A.; Fiori, E.. - In: IN VIVO. - ISSN 0258-851X. - 36:3(2022), pp. 1053-1058. [10.21873/invivo.12802]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1632135
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