: Adolescence is a critical period for brain development. In most mammalian species, disturbances experienced during adolescence constitute a risk factor for several neuropsychiatric disorders. In this study, we compared the biochemical and behavioral profile induced by postweaning social isolation (PWSI) in inbred C57BL/6 N mice with that of BTBR mice, a rodent model of autism spectrum disorders. Male C57BL/6 N mice were either housed in groups of four or isolated from weaning (postnatal day 21) for four weeks before experimental analyses. After weaning, male BTBR mice were housed four per cage and analyzed at 48 days of age. PWSI reduced hippocampal levels of type 2 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu2) receptors, and glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors. A similar reduction was seen in group-housed BTBR mice. Plasma corticosterone levels in basal conditions were not influenced by PWSI, but were increased in BTBR mice. Social investigation (total and head sniffing) and the number of ultrasonic vocalizations were reduced in both PWSI mice and age-matched group-housed BTBR mice, indicating a lower social responsiveness in both groups of mice. These results suggest that absence of social stimuli during adolescence induces an endophenotype with social deficit features, which mimics the phenotype of a mouse model of autism spectrum disorders.

Postweaning social isolation and autism-like phenotype: A biochemical and behavioral comparative analysis / Caruso, Alessandra; Ricceri, Laura; Caruso, Angela; Nicoletti, Ferdinando; Gaetano, Alessandra; Scaccianoce, Sergio. - In: BEHAVIOURAL BRAIN RESEARCH. - ISSN 0166-4328. - 428:(2022), p. 113891. [10.1016/j.bbr.2022.113891]

Postweaning social isolation and autism-like phenotype: A biochemical and behavioral comparative analysis

Caruso, Alessandra;Nicoletti, Ferdinando;Gaetano, Alessandra;Scaccianoce, Sergio
2022

Abstract

: Adolescence is a critical period for brain development. In most mammalian species, disturbances experienced during adolescence constitute a risk factor for several neuropsychiatric disorders. In this study, we compared the biochemical and behavioral profile induced by postweaning social isolation (PWSI) in inbred C57BL/6 N mice with that of BTBR mice, a rodent model of autism spectrum disorders. Male C57BL/6 N mice were either housed in groups of four or isolated from weaning (postnatal day 21) for four weeks before experimental analyses. After weaning, male BTBR mice were housed four per cage and analyzed at 48 days of age. PWSI reduced hippocampal levels of type 2 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu2) receptors, and glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors. A similar reduction was seen in group-housed BTBR mice. Plasma corticosterone levels in basal conditions were not influenced by PWSI, but were increased in BTBR mice. Social investigation (total and head sniffing) and the number of ultrasonic vocalizations were reduced in both PWSI mice and age-matched group-housed BTBR mice, indicating a lower social responsiveness in both groups of mice. These results suggest that absence of social stimuli during adolescence induces an endophenotype with social deficit features, which mimics the phenotype of a mouse model of autism spectrum disorders.
2022
Autism spectrum disorders; BTBR mice; Glucocorticoid receptors; Metabotropic glutamate receptors; Mineralocorticoid receptors; Postweaning social isolation; Social investigation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Postweaning social isolation and autism-like phenotype: A biochemical and behavioral comparative analysis / Caruso, Alessandra; Ricceri, Laura; Caruso, Angela; Nicoletti, Ferdinando; Gaetano, Alessandra; Scaccianoce, Sergio. - In: BEHAVIOURAL BRAIN RESEARCH. - ISSN 0166-4328. - 428:(2022), p. 113891. [10.1016/j.bbr.2022.113891]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1631412
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