Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are now filling in the gaps between spaceborne and ground-based observations and enhancing the spatial resolution and temporal coverage of data acquisition. In the realm of hydrological observations, UAVs play a key role in quantitatively characterizing the surface flow, allowing for remotely accessing the water body of interest. In this paper, we propose a technology that uses a sensing platform encompassing a drone and a camera to determine the water level. The images acquired by means of the sensing platform are then analyzed using the Canny method to detect the edges of water level and of Ground Control Points (GCPs) used as reference points. The water level is then retrieved from images and compared to a benchmark value obtained by a traditional device. The method is tested at four locations in an artificial lake in central Italy. Results are encouraging, as the overall mean error between estimated and true water level values is around 0.05 m. This technology is well suited to improve hydraulic modeling and thus provides reliable support to flood mitigation strategies.

Water level measurements from drones. A Pilot case study at a dam site / Ridolfi, E.; Manciola, P.. - In: WATER. - ISSN 2073-4441. - 10:3(2018). [10.3390/w10030297]

Water level measurements from drones. A Pilot case study at a dam site

Ridolfi E.
;
2018

Abstract

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are now filling in the gaps between spaceborne and ground-based observations and enhancing the spatial resolution and temporal coverage of data acquisition. In the realm of hydrological observations, UAVs play a key role in quantitatively characterizing the surface flow, allowing for remotely accessing the water body of interest. In this paper, we propose a technology that uses a sensing platform encompassing a drone and a camera to determine the water level. The images acquired by means of the sensing platform are then analyzed using the Canny method to detect the edges of water level and of Ground Control Points (GCPs) used as reference points. The water level is then retrieved from images and compared to a benchmark value obtained by a traditional device. The method is tested at four locations in an artificial lake in central Italy. Results are encouraging, as the overall mean error between estimated and true water level values is around 0.05 m. This technology is well suited to improve hydraulic modeling and thus provides reliable support to flood mitigation strategies.
2018
dam; drone; images; surface hydrology; unmanned aerial vehicle; water level measurement
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Water level measurements from drones. A Pilot case study at a dam site / Ridolfi, E.; Manciola, P.. - In: WATER. - ISSN 2073-4441. - 10:3(2018). [10.3390/w10030297]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1626583
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