In vivo establishment and long-term persistence of a heterogeneous memory or an adaptive NK cell pool represents a functional adaptation to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in humans. Memory NK cells are commonly identified by lack of the FcεRIγ signalling chain, variably associated to the preferential but not completely overlapping expression of the HLA-E receptor NKG2C and CD57 maturation marker. Although characterized by selective hyperresponsiveness to IgG stim-ulation, the impact of the CD16/antibody interaction in regulating the establishment/maintenance and size, and in determining the relative abundance of this population, is still under investigation. Memory NK cell subset ex vivo profile and in vitro responsiveness to CD16 stimulation was eval-uated in HCMV+ healthy donors and in patients affected by immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), an antibody-mediated autoimmune disease. We identified the FcεRIγ− NKG2C+ CD57+ memory NK cell subset, whose abundance is uniquely associated with anti-HCMV antibody levels in healthy seropositive donors, and which is significantly expanded in ITP patients. This fully mature memory subset robustly and selectively expands in vitro in response to mAb-opsonized targets or ITP-derived platelets and displays superior CD16-dependent IFNγ production. Our work identifies opsonizing antibodies as a host-dependent factor that shapes HCMV-driven memory NK cell compartment. We first demonstrate that chronic exposure to auto-antibodies contributes to the establishment/expansion of a highly specialized and unique memory NK cell subset with distinct CD16-dependent functional capabilities. We also identify the specific contribution of the lack of FcεRIγ chain in conferring to NKG2C+ CD57+ memory cells a higher responsivity to CD16 engagement.

(Auto)Antibody Responses Shape Memory NK Cell Pool Size and Composition / Capuano, C.; Pighi, C.; Battella, S.; Pulcinelli, F.; Santoro, C.; Ferretti, A.; Turriziani, O.; De Federicis, D.; Fionda, C.; Sciume, G.; Galandrini, R.; Palmieri, G.. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:3(2022), p. 625. [10.3390/biomedicines10030625]

(Auto)Antibody Responses Shape Memory NK Cell Pool Size and Composition

Capuano C.;Pighi C.;Battella S.;Pulcinelli F.;Santoro C.;Ferretti A.;Turriziani O.;De Federicis D.;Fionda C.;Sciume G.;Galandrini R.;Palmieri G.
2022

Abstract

In vivo establishment and long-term persistence of a heterogeneous memory or an adaptive NK cell pool represents a functional adaptation to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in humans. Memory NK cells are commonly identified by lack of the FcεRIγ signalling chain, variably associated to the preferential but not completely overlapping expression of the HLA-E receptor NKG2C and CD57 maturation marker. Although characterized by selective hyperresponsiveness to IgG stim-ulation, the impact of the CD16/antibody interaction in regulating the establishment/maintenance and size, and in determining the relative abundance of this population, is still under investigation. Memory NK cell subset ex vivo profile and in vitro responsiveness to CD16 stimulation was eval-uated in HCMV+ healthy donors and in patients affected by immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), an antibody-mediated autoimmune disease. We identified the FcεRIγ− NKG2C+ CD57+ memory NK cell subset, whose abundance is uniquely associated with anti-HCMV antibody levels in healthy seropositive donors, and which is significantly expanded in ITP patients. This fully mature memory subset robustly and selectively expands in vitro in response to mAb-opsonized targets or ITP-derived platelets and displays superior CD16-dependent IFNγ production. Our work identifies opsonizing antibodies as a host-dependent factor that shapes HCMV-driven memory NK cell compartment. We first demonstrate that chronic exposure to auto-antibodies contributes to the establishment/expansion of a highly specialized and unique memory NK cell subset with distinct CD16-dependent functional capabilities. We also identify the specific contribution of the lack of FcεRIγ chain in conferring to NKG2C+ CD57+ memory cells a higher responsivity to CD16 engagement.
2022
Auto-antibodies; CD16; HCMV; Immune thrombocy-topenia (ITP); Memory natural killer (NK) cells
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
(Auto)Antibody Responses Shape Memory NK Cell Pool Size and Composition / Capuano, C.; Pighi, C.; Battella, S.; Pulcinelli, F.; Santoro, C.; Ferretti, A.; Turriziani, O.; De Federicis, D.; Fionda, C.; Sciume, G.; Galandrini, R.; Palmieri, G.. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:3(2022), p. 625. [10.3390/biomedicines10030625]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1625384
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