Introduction: The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a better quality of life with one of the two techniques and if the results are in line with those already present in the literature. The hypothesis from which we started is to demonstrate that cancer patients who undergo a deep inferior epigastric perforator flap (DIEP) breast reconstruction surgery are more satisfied and have a higher level of quality of life compared to those subjected to an intervention of reconstruction with prosthesis. Materials and Methods: All patients undergoing reconstruction from January 2010 to July 2018 were eligible for inclusion. This is a retrospective cohort study carried out using the patients of two plastic surgery departments who have undergone monolateral or bilateral implant-based or DIEP flap breast reconstruction. We administered BREAST-Q questionnaire electronically almost 2 year after surgery. Patients were divided into two groups: implant-based and autologous breast reconstruction with DIEP flaps. Baseline demographics and patient characteristics were analyzed using a Students t-test (continuous variables) or Chi-square/Fisher’s exact test (categorical variables). Mean standard deviation BREAST-Q scores were reported for the overall cohort and by modality for the postoperative period. The linear regression model was applied to all BREAST-Q score with all predictor factors. Results: Of the 1125 patients involved, only 325 met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in this study; specifically, 133 (41%) DIEP and 192 (59%) prosthetic reconstructions. We summarized the results of the principal scales of BREAST-Q module: satisfaction with breast, psychosocial well-being, satisfaction with outcome, and sexual well-being in which the autologous group was always more satisfied. We reported results of all linear regression models with higher values for the DIEP group independently from predictors. Conclusion: This is the first study performed on the Italian population that compares autologous surgical techniques with the implantation of breast implants. In this population, DIEP is considered the technique that leads to the highest satisfaction in all BREAST-Q scores. Level of Evidence IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

Impact on Patient’s Appearance Perception of Autologous and Implant Based Breast Reconstruction Following Mastectomy Using BREAST-Q / Persichetti, P.; Barone, M.; Salzillo, R.; Cogliandro, A.; Brunetti, B.; Ciarrocchi, S.; Alessandri Bonetti, M.; Tenna, S.; Sorotos, M.; Santanelli Di Pompeo, F.. - In: AESTHETIC PLASTIC SURGERY. - ISSN 0364-216X. - Feb 28(2022), pp. 1-11. [10.1007/s00266-022-02776-z]

Impact on Patient’s Appearance Perception of Autologous and Implant Based Breast Reconstruction Following Mastectomy Using BREAST-Q

Brunetti B.;Ciarrocchi S.;Tenna S.;Sorotos M.;Santanelli Di Pompeo F.
2022

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a better quality of life with one of the two techniques and if the results are in line with those already present in the literature. The hypothesis from which we started is to demonstrate that cancer patients who undergo a deep inferior epigastric perforator flap (DIEP) breast reconstruction surgery are more satisfied and have a higher level of quality of life compared to those subjected to an intervention of reconstruction with prosthesis. Materials and Methods: All patients undergoing reconstruction from January 2010 to July 2018 were eligible for inclusion. This is a retrospective cohort study carried out using the patients of two plastic surgery departments who have undergone monolateral or bilateral implant-based or DIEP flap breast reconstruction. We administered BREAST-Q questionnaire electronically almost 2 year after surgery. Patients were divided into two groups: implant-based and autologous breast reconstruction with DIEP flaps. Baseline demographics and patient characteristics were analyzed using a Students t-test (continuous variables) or Chi-square/Fisher’s exact test (categorical variables). Mean standard deviation BREAST-Q scores were reported for the overall cohort and by modality for the postoperative period. The linear regression model was applied to all BREAST-Q score with all predictor factors. Results: Of the 1125 patients involved, only 325 met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in this study; specifically, 133 (41%) DIEP and 192 (59%) prosthetic reconstructions. We summarized the results of the principal scales of BREAST-Q module: satisfaction with breast, psychosocial well-being, satisfaction with outcome, and sexual well-being in which the autologous group was always more satisfied. We reported results of all linear regression models with higher values for the DIEP group independently from predictors. Conclusion: This is the first study performed on the Italian population that compares autologous surgical techniques with the implantation of breast implants. In this population, DIEP is considered the technique that leads to the highest satisfaction in all BREAST-Q scores. Level of Evidence IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1625124
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