Background: Type I gastric neuroendocrine neoplasia (gNEN) is a rare and low-grade tumor in which the therapeutic strategy is almost always endoscopic. For this reason, the use of radiology or nuclear medicine imaging is not recommended by guidelines. Conversely, in a small number of cases, locoregional or distant metastases may develop, thus suggesting a role for imaging techniques. This retrospective study was performed to explore the usefulness of [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT in the management of patients with T1gNENs. Patients and Method: Single-center retrospective analysis, in an ENETS Center of Excellence, of patients with type I gNEN who underwent [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT. The indication for performing [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT was generally based on the presence of at least one of the following criteria: (1) polyps > 10 mm; (2) endoscopic positive (R1) margin after previous endoscopic resection; and (3) Ki-67 > 3%. Results: A total of 120 patients with T1gNEN were evaluated. Overall, 15 out of 120 (13%) patients had performed [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT. The median Ki-67 value was 6% (IQR 1–9): 9 out of 15 (60%) were G1 tumors, and 6 out of 15 (40%) were G2 tumors. Ninety-three percent of patients were treated by tumor endoscopic resection, whereas surgery was performed in two patients (13%) after incomplete endoscopic resection; the remaining patients (6.6%) received somatostatin analogs due to the presence of multiple recurrent tumors. Overall, [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT was positive in 8 out of 15 patients (53%). Following the [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT findings, the clinical management was modified in 6 out of 15 (40%) patients. Conclusion: [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT can be useful in a restricted and selected group of patients with gastric neuroendocrine neoplasia with relevant risk factors to establish the most appropriate therapeutic strategy.

Usefulness of 68-Gallium PET in Type I Gastric Neuroendocrine Neoplasia. A Case Series / Rinzivillo, Maria; Panzuto, Francesco; Esposito, Gianluca; Lahner, Edith; Signore, Alberto; Annibale, Bruno. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:6(2022), pp. 1-8. [10.3390/jcm11061641]

Usefulness of 68-Gallium PET in Type I Gastric Neuroendocrine Neoplasia. A Case Series

Rinzivillo, Maria;Panzuto, Francesco;Esposito, Gianluca;Lahner, Edith;Signore, Alberto;Annibale, Bruno
2022

Abstract

Background: Type I gastric neuroendocrine neoplasia (gNEN) is a rare and low-grade tumor in which the therapeutic strategy is almost always endoscopic. For this reason, the use of radiology or nuclear medicine imaging is not recommended by guidelines. Conversely, in a small number of cases, locoregional or distant metastases may develop, thus suggesting a role for imaging techniques. This retrospective study was performed to explore the usefulness of [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT in the management of patients with T1gNENs. Patients and Method: Single-center retrospective analysis, in an ENETS Center of Excellence, of patients with type I gNEN who underwent [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT. The indication for performing [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT was generally based on the presence of at least one of the following criteria: (1) polyps > 10 mm; (2) endoscopic positive (R1) margin after previous endoscopic resection; and (3) Ki-67 > 3%. Results: A total of 120 patients with T1gNEN were evaluated. Overall, 15 out of 120 (13%) patients had performed [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT. The median Ki-67 value was 6% (IQR 1–9): 9 out of 15 (60%) were G1 tumors, and 6 out of 15 (40%) were G2 tumors. Ninety-three percent of patients were treated by tumor endoscopic resection, whereas surgery was performed in two patients (13%) after incomplete endoscopic resection; the remaining patients (6.6%) received somatostatin analogs due to the presence of multiple recurrent tumors. Overall, [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT was positive in 8 out of 15 patients (53%). Following the [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT findings, the clinical management was modified in 6 out of 15 (40%) patients. Conclusion: [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SST PET/CT can be useful in a restricted and selected group of patients with gastric neuroendocrine neoplasia with relevant risk factors to establish the most appropriate therapeutic strategy.
2022
gastric carcinoids; neuroendocrine tumors; management; chronic atrophic gastritis
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Usefulness of 68-Gallium PET in Type I Gastric Neuroendocrine Neoplasia. A Case Series / Rinzivillo, Maria; Panzuto, Francesco; Esposito, Gianluca; Lahner, Edith; Signore, Alberto; Annibale, Bruno. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:6(2022), pp. 1-8. [10.3390/jcm11061641]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1623222
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