We sought to analyse the effect of the introduction of intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) in our routine surgical practice and to provide a circumstantial analysis of direct costs of IONM in total thyroidectomy and of indirect costs associated with vocal fold palsy, as centred in the health care system of Italy. We retrospectively compared outcomes of 232 total thyroidectomies performed between November 2017 and October 2019, respectively, before (109 TT-Group A) and after (123 TT-Group B) adopting IONM technology in November 2018. We analysed the costs of IONM per procedure and rate and costs of vocal fold palsy events (temporary and permanent). Overall, there were 61 thyroid cancers (32 in Group B) and 171 multinodular goitres (91 in Group B). We recorded 5 cases of vocal fold palsy (4.6%-4 transient, 1 permanent) in Group A and none in Group B (p = 0.016). IONM consumables cost 219 eur per case. Healthcare and social cost of Vocal fold palsy ranged between 3200 eur (function recovery < 1 month postoperatively) and over 32,000 eur (permanent event). When only direct costs are considered, IONM can hardly be cost effective. In this study, cost of IONM implementation was offset by the absence of complications attributable to recurrent laryngeal nerve dysfunction.

Introducing routine intraoperative nerve monitoring in a high-volume endocrine surgery centre: a health technology assessment / Paolo Prete, Francesco; Sgaramella, Lucia Ilaria; Di Meo, Giovanna; Pasculli, Alessandro; Calculli, Giovanna; Protopapa, Gianluigi; Gurrado, Angela; Testini, Mario. - In: UPDATES IN SURGERY. - ISSN 2038-3312. - (2021). [10.1007/s13304-021-01104-5]

Introducing routine intraoperative nerve monitoring in a high-volume endocrine surgery centre: a health technology assessment

Lucia Ilaria Sgaramella;Mario Testini
2021

Abstract

We sought to analyse the effect of the introduction of intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) in our routine surgical practice and to provide a circumstantial analysis of direct costs of IONM in total thyroidectomy and of indirect costs associated with vocal fold palsy, as centred in the health care system of Italy. We retrospectively compared outcomes of 232 total thyroidectomies performed between November 2017 and October 2019, respectively, before (109 TT-Group A) and after (123 TT-Group B) adopting IONM technology in November 2018. We analysed the costs of IONM per procedure and rate and costs of vocal fold palsy events (temporary and permanent). Overall, there were 61 thyroid cancers (32 in Group B) and 171 multinodular goitres (91 in Group B). We recorded 5 cases of vocal fold palsy (4.6%-4 transient, 1 permanent) in Group A and none in Group B (p = 0.016). IONM consumables cost 219 eur per case. Healthcare and social cost of Vocal fold palsy ranged between 3200 eur (function recovery < 1 month postoperatively) and over 32,000 eur (permanent event). When only direct costs are considered, IONM can hardly be cost effective. In this study, cost of IONM implementation was offset by the absence of complications attributable to recurrent laryngeal nerve dysfunction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1620340
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