COVID-19 is a viral infection, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and characterized by a complex inflammatory process and clinical immunophe-notypes. Nowadays, several alterations of immune response within the respiratory tracts as well as at the level of the peripheral blood have been well documented. Nonetheless, their effects on COVID-19-related cell heterogeneity and disease progression are less defined. Here, we performed a single-cell RNA sequencing of about 400 transcripts relevant to immune cell function including surface markers, in mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the peripheral blood of 50 subjects, infected with SARS-CoV-2 at the diagnosis and 27 healthy blood donors as control. We found that patients with COVID-19 exhibited an increase in COVID-specific surface markers in different subsets of immune cell composition. Interestingly, the expression of cell receptors, such as IFNGR1 and CXCR4, was reduced in response to the viral infection and associated with the inhibition of the related signaling pathways and immune functions. These results highlight novel immunoreceptors, selectively expressed in COVID-19 patients, which affect the immune functionality and are correlated with clinical outcomes.

Covid-19 specific immune markers revealed by single cell phenotypic profiling / Sansico, F.; Miroballo, M.; Bianco, S. D.; Tamiro, F.; Colucci, M.; De Santis, E.; Rossi, G.; Rosati, J.; Di Mauro, L.; Miscio, G.; Mazza, T.; Vescovi, A. L.; Mazzoccoli, G.; Giambra, V.. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 9:12(2021). [10.3390/biomedicines9121794]

Covid-19 specific immune markers revealed by single cell phenotypic profiling

Bianco S. D.;Colucci M.;
2021

Abstract

COVID-19 is a viral infection, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and characterized by a complex inflammatory process and clinical immunophe-notypes. Nowadays, several alterations of immune response within the respiratory tracts as well as at the level of the peripheral blood have been well documented. Nonetheless, their effects on COVID-19-related cell heterogeneity and disease progression are less defined. Here, we performed a single-cell RNA sequencing of about 400 transcripts relevant to immune cell function including surface markers, in mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the peripheral blood of 50 subjects, infected with SARS-CoV-2 at the diagnosis and 27 healthy blood donors as control. We found that patients with COVID-19 exhibited an increase in COVID-specific surface markers in different subsets of immune cell composition. Interestingly, the expression of cell receptors, such as IFNGR1 and CXCR4, was reduced in response to the viral infection and associated with the inhibition of the related signaling pathways and immune functions. These results highlight novel immunoreceptors, selectively expressed in COVID-19 patients, which affect the immune functionality and are correlated with clinical outcomes.
2021
COVID-19; flow cytometry; immune cells; SARS-CoV-2; single-cell RNA sequencing
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Covid-19 specific immune markers revealed by single cell phenotypic profiling / Sansico, F.; Miroballo, M.; Bianco, S. D.; Tamiro, F.; Colucci, M.; De Santis, E.; Rossi, G.; Rosati, J.; Di Mauro, L.; Miscio, G.; Mazza, T.; Vescovi, A. L.; Mazzoccoli, G.; Giambra, V.. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 9:12(2021). [10.3390/biomedicines9121794]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1617766
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