We report the long-term outcome of 139 patients treated with imatinib in late chronic phase after IFN failure. Median follow-up was 16.6 years and the estimated 18-year OS was 64.8%. 18-year EFS and PFS were 69% and 64.4%, respectively. Fifty (36%) patients stopped imatinib, 72% received a second line. b2a2 transcript was associated with a significantly inferior 18-year OS (p = 0.008), FFS (p = 0.036), PFS (p = 0.013) compared to the b3a2 type, whilst the type of transcript did not influence the time to response achievement. Failure to achieve MMR at 12 months significantly reduced the chance of reaching a DMR (p = 0.001). Imatinib discontinuation after achieving a sustained deep molecular response was attempted in 14 patients; 12 (86%) are still in treatment-free remission (TFR) at the last follow-up. Our experience confirms the long-term efficacy of imatinib after IFNα failure in real-life setting and documents the possibility of attempting a TFR in this subset of patients.

Long-term follow-up of late chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with imatinib after interferon failure: a single center experience / Pepe, S.; Scalzulli, E.; Colafigli, G.; Di Prima, A.; Mancini, M.; Diverio, D.; Latagliata, R.; Martelli, M.; Foa, R.; Breccia, M.. - In: LEUKEMIA & LYMPHOMA. - ISSN 1042-8194. - 62:9(2021), pp. 2261-2266. [10.1080/10428194.2021.1901094]

Long-term follow-up of late chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with imatinib after interferon failure: a single center experience

Scalzulli E.;Colafigli G.;Foa R.;
2021

Abstract

We report the long-term outcome of 139 patients treated with imatinib in late chronic phase after IFN failure. Median follow-up was 16.6 years and the estimated 18-year OS was 64.8%. 18-year EFS and PFS were 69% and 64.4%, respectively. Fifty (36%) patients stopped imatinib, 72% received a second line. b2a2 transcript was associated with a significantly inferior 18-year OS (p = 0.008), FFS (p = 0.036), PFS (p = 0.013) compared to the b3a2 type, whilst the type of transcript did not influence the time to response achievement. Failure to achieve MMR at 12 months significantly reduced the chance of reaching a DMR (p = 0.001). Imatinib discontinuation after achieving a sustained deep molecular response was attempted in 14 patients; 12 (86%) are still in treatment-free remission (TFR) at the last follow-up. Our experience confirms the long-term efficacy of imatinib after IFNα failure in real-life setting and documents the possibility of attempting a TFR in this subset of patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1617551
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