Destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79, Herculaneum is one of the world's most famous Roman settlements. Exactly how the victims died during the eruption, however, remains unclear. The authors address this issue by examining changes in bone apatite structure and collagen preservation, combined with collagen extraction. Results suggest that the prolonged presence of soft tissue, as well as the stone chambers in which inhabitants had sought shelter, acted as thermal buffers that minimised the heat-induced degradation of skeletal tissues. The results have implications for the interpretation of large residential sites and for contexts where heating and burning is associated with buildings.

A re-evaluation of manner of death at Roman Herculaneum following the AD 79 eruption of Vesuvius / Martyn, R.; Craig, O. E.; Ellingham, S. T. D.; Islam, M.; Fattore, L.; Sperduti, A.; Bondioli, L.; Thompson, T.. - In: ANTIQUITY. - ISSN 0003-598X. - 94:373(2020), pp. 76-91. [10.15184/aqy.2019.215]

A re-evaluation of manner of death at Roman Herculaneum following the AD 79 eruption of Vesuvius

Fattore L.;Bondioli L.;
2020

Abstract

Destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79, Herculaneum is one of the world's most famous Roman settlements. Exactly how the victims died during the eruption, however, remains unclear. The authors address this issue by examining changes in bone apatite structure and collagen preservation, combined with collagen extraction. Results suggest that the prolonged presence of soft tissue, as well as the stone chambers in which inhabitants had sought shelter, acted as thermal buffers that minimised the heat-induced degradation of skeletal tissues. The results have implications for the interpretation of large residential sites and for contexts where heating and burning is associated with buildings.
collagen; FTIR; Herculaneum; Roman; thermal diagenesis; Vesuvius
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A re-evaluation of manner of death at Roman Herculaneum following the AD 79 eruption of Vesuvius / Martyn, R.; Craig, O. E.; Ellingham, S. T. D.; Islam, M.; Fattore, L.; Sperduti, A.; Bondioli, L.; Thompson, T.. - In: ANTIQUITY. - ISSN 0003-598X. - 94:373(2020), pp. 76-91. [10.15184/aqy.2019.215]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Martin_A-re-evaluation_2020.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 1.47 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.47 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1615224
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact