Background: The impact of percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVr) on long-term prognosis in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is still unclear. Recently, a new conceptual framework classifying FMR as proportionate (P-MR) and disproportionate (D-MR) was proposed, according to the effective regurgitant orifice area/left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EROA/LVEDV) ratio. The aim was to assess its possible influence on PMVr efficacy. Methods: A total of 56 patients were enrolled. MV annulus, LV volumes and function were assessed. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was also calculated. Patients were divided into two groups, according to the EROA/LVEDV ratio. Echocardiographic follow-up was performed after 6 months, and adverse events were collected after 12 months. Results: D-MR patients (n = 28, 50%) had a significantly more elliptical MV annulus (p = 0.048), lower tenting volume (p = 0.01), higher LV ejection fraction (LVEF: 32 ± 7 vs. 26 ± 5%, p = 0.003), lower LVEDV, LV end-systolic volume (LVESV) and mass (LVEDV/i: 80 ± 20 vs. 126 ± 27 mL, p = 0.001; LVESV/i: 60 ± 20 vs. 94 ± 23 mL, p < 0.001; LV mass: 249 ± 63 vs. 301 ± 69 gr, p = 0.035). GLS was more impaired in P-MR (p = 0.048). After 6 months, P-MR patients showed a higher rate of MR recurrence. After 12 months, the rate of CV death and rehospitalization due to HF was significantly higher in P-MR patients (46% vs. 7%, p < 0.001). P-MR status was strongly associated with CV death/rehospitalization (HR = 3.4, CI 95% = 1.3–8.6, p = 0.009). Conclusions: Patients with P-MR seem to have worse outcomes after PVMr than D-MR patients. Our study confirms the importance of the EROA/LVEDV ratio in defining different subsets of FMR based on the anatomical characteristic of MV and LV.

3D echo characterization of proportionate and disproportionate functional mitral regurgitation before and after percutaneous mitral valve repair / Cimino, Sara; Agati, Luciano; Filomena, Domenico; Maestrini, Viviana; Monosilio, Sara; Birtolo, Lucia Ilaria; Mocci, Michele; Mancone, Massimo; Sardella, Gennaro; Grayburn, Paul; Fedele, Francesco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE RESEARCH. - ISSN 2375-3838. - 11:3(2022). [10.3390/jcm11030645]

3D echo characterization of proportionate and disproportionate functional mitral regurgitation before and after percutaneous mitral valve repair

Sara Cimino;Luciano Agati;Domenico Filomena;Viviana Maestrini;Sara Monosilio;Lucia Ilaria Birtolo;Michele Mocci;Massimo Mancone
;
Gennaro Sardella;
2022

Abstract

Background: The impact of percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVr) on long-term prognosis in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is still unclear. Recently, a new conceptual framework classifying FMR as proportionate (P-MR) and disproportionate (D-MR) was proposed, according to the effective regurgitant orifice area/left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EROA/LVEDV) ratio. The aim was to assess its possible influence on PMVr efficacy. Methods: A total of 56 patients were enrolled. MV annulus, LV volumes and function were assessed. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was also calculated. Patients were divided into two groups, according to the EROA/LVEDV ratio. Echocardiographic follow-up was performed after 6 months, and adverse events were collected after 12 months. Results: D-MR patients (n = 28, 50%) had a significantly more elliptical MV annulus (p = 0.048), lower tenting volume (p = 0.01), higher LV ejection fraction (LVEF: 32 ± 7 vs. 26 ± 5%, p = 0.003), lower LVEDV, LV end-systolic volume (LVESV) and mass (LVEDV/i: 80 ± 20 vs. 126 ± 27 mL, p = 0.001; LVESV/i: 60 ± 20 vs. 94 ± 23 mL, p < 0.001; LV mass: 249 ± 63 vs. 301 ± 69 gr, p = 0.035). GLS was more impaired in P-MR (p = 0.048). After 6 months, P-MR patients showed a higher rate of MR recurrence. After 12 months, the rate of CV death and rehospitalization due to HF was significantly higher in P-MR patients (46% vs. 7%, p < 0.001). P-MR status was strongly associated with CV death/rehospitalization (HR = 3.4, CI 95% = 1.3–8.6, p = 0.009). Conclusions: Patients with P-MR seem to have worse outcomes after PVMr than D-MR patients. Our study confirms the importance of the EROA/LVEDV ratio in defining different subsets of FMR based on the anatomical characteristic of MV and LV.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Cimino_3D-Echo_2022.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.68 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.68 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1614639
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 29
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact