Polylactides (PLAs) are a class of polymers that are very appealing in biomedical applications due to their degradability in nontoxic products, tunable structural, and mechanical properties. However, they have some drawbacks related to their high hydrophobicity, lack of functional groups able to graft bioactive molecules, and solubility in unsafe solvents. To circumvent these shortcomings, porous scaffolds for tissue engineering were prepared by vigorously mixing a solution of isotactic and atactic PLA in nontoxic ethyl acetate at 70◦C with a water solution of choline taurinate. The partial aminolysis of the polymer ester bonds by taurine –NH2 brought about the formation of PLA oligomers with surfactant activity that stabilized the water-in-oil emulsion. Upon drying, a negligible shrinking occurred, and mechanically stable porous scaffolds were obtained. By varying the polymer composition and choline taurinate concentration, it was possible to modulate the pore dimensions (30–50 µm) and mechanical properties (Young’s moduli: 1–6 MPa) of the samples. Furthermore, the grafted choline taurinate made the surface of the PLA films hydrophilic, as observed by contact angle measurements (advancing contact angle: 76◦; receding contact angle: 40◦–13◦). The preparation method was very simple because it was based on a one-pot mild reaction that did not require an additional purification step, as all the employed chemicals were nontoxic.

One-Pot preparation of hydrophilic polylactide porous scaffolds by using safe solvent and choline taurinate ionic liquid / De Felice, A. C.; Di Lisio, V.; Francolini, I.; Mariano, A.; Piozzi, A.; Scotto d'abusco, A.; Sturabotti, E.; Martinelli, A.. - In: PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1999-4923. - 14:1(2022), p. 158. [10.3390/pharmaceutics14010158]

One-Pot preparation of hydrophilic polylactide porous scaffolds by using safe solvent and choline taurinate ionic liquid

De Felice A. C.;Di Lisio V.;Francolini I.;Mariano A.;Piozzi A.;Scotto d'abusco A.;Sturabotti E.;Martinelli A.
2022

Abstract

Polylactides (PLAs) are a class of polymers that are very appealing in biomedical applications due to their degradability in nontoxic products, tunable structural, and mechanical properties. However, they have some drawbacks related to their high hydrophobicity, lack of functional groups able to graft bioactive molecules, and solubility in unsafe solvents. To circumvent these shortcomings, porous scaffolds for tissue engineering were prepared by vigorously mixing a solution of isotactic and atactic PLA in nontoxic ethyl acetate at 70◦C with a water solution of choline taurinate. The partial aminolysis of the polymer ester bonds by taurine –NH2 brought about the formation of PLA oligomers with surfactant activity that stabilized the water-in-oil emulsion. Upon drying, a negligible shrinking occurred, and mechanically stable porous scaffolds were obtained. By varying the polymer composition and choline taurinate concentration, it was possible to modulate the pore dimensions (30–50 µm) and mechanical properties (Young’s moduli: 1–6 MPa) of the samples. Furthermore, the grafted choline taurinate made the surface of the PLA films hydrophilic, as observed by contact angle measurements (advancing contact angle: 76◦; receding contact angle: 40◦–13◦). The preparation method was very simple because it was based on a one-pot mild reaction that did not require an additional purification step, as all the employed chemicals were nontoxic.
2022
Choline taurinate; eacetate; ionic liquid; polylactide; porous scaffold; tissue engineering
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
One-Pot preparation of hydrophilic polylactide porous scaffolds by using safe solvent and choline taurinate ionic liquid / De Felice, A. C.; Di Lisio, V.; Francolini, I.; Mariano, A.; Piozzi, A.; Scotto d'abusco, A.; Sturabotti, E.; Martinelli, A.. - In: PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1999-4923. - 14:1(2022), p. 158. [10.3390/pharmaceutics14010158]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1605996
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