Background: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) is one of several approaches to lumbar interbody fusion that has proven to be a safe and effective treatment for symptomatic lumbar degenerative disease The clinical outcomes of MIS-TLIF are generally favorable, but there is still controversy regarding its ability to restore sagittal alignment. For this reason, expandable transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion cages have been developed and designed to improve ability to restore disc height and segmental lordosis. The use of expandable cages in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion has increased drastically; however, it is not clear how effective cage expansion is in regard to disc space lordosis, distraction, and long-term outcome. Methods: We reviewed a cohort of patients with symptomatic lumbar degenerative disc pathology who underwent MIS-TLIF at our institution. We compared clinical and radiographic outcomes of expandable versus nonexpandable cage use in MIS-TLIF focusing on mean changes in segmental lordosis, disc height, and postoperative complications. The results were compared with other studies reported in the international literature. Results: Mean change in segmental lordosis was not significantly different between the 2 groups. A significantly higher rate of postoperative subsidence was demonstrated in the expandable cage group. Conclusion: This study established that expandable cage use in single-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion did not reduce the rate of postoperative complications, but rather significantly increased a patient's risk of postoperative subsidence. Expandable cages do not presently demonstrate improved clinical outcomes or improved sagittal alignment compared with static cages.

Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion using expandable cages: increased risk of late postoperative subsidence without a real improvement of perioperative outcomes: a clinical monocentric study / Armocida, D.; Pesce, A.; Cimatti, M.; Proietti, L.; Santoro, A.; Frati, A.. - In: WORLD NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 1878-8750. - 156:(2021), pp. e57-e63. [10.1016/j.wneu.2021.08.127]

Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion using expandable cages: increased risk of late postoperative subsidence without a real improvement of perioperative outcomes: a clinical monocentric study

Armocida D.
Primo
;
Pesce A.
Secondo
;
Cimatti M.;Santoro A.
Penultimo
;
Frati A.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Background: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) is one of several approaches to lumbar interbody fusion that has proven to be a safe and effective treatment for symptomatic lumbar degenerative disease The clinical outcomes of MIS-TLIF are generally favorable, but there is still controversy regarding its ability to restore sagittal alignment. For this reason, expandable transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion cages have been developed and designed to improve ability to restore disc height and segmental lordosis. The use of expandable cages in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion has increased drastically; however, it is not clear how effective cage expansion is in regard to disc space lordosis, distraction, and long-term outcome. Methods: We reviewed a cohort of patients with symptomatic lumbar degenerative disc pathology who underwent MIS-TLIF at our institution. We compared clinical and radiographic outcomes of expandable versus nonexpandable cage use in MIS-TLIF focusing on mean changes in segmental lordosis, disc height, and postoperative complications. The results were compared with other studies reported in the international literature. Results: Mean change in segmental lordosis was not significantly different between the 2 groups. A significantly higher rate of postoperative subsidence was demonstrated in the expandable cage group. Conclusion: This study established that expandable cage use in single-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion did not reduce the rate of postoperative complications, but rather significantly increased a patient's risk of postoperative subsidence. Expandable cages do not presently demonstrate improved clinical outcomes or improved sagittal alignment compared with static cages.
degenerative discopathy; expandable cage; minimally invasive; MS-TLIF; sagittal alignment; spine; aged; cohort studies; female; follow-up studies; humans; intervertebral disc degeneration; lordosis; lumbar vertebrae; male; middle aged; minimally invasive surgical procedures; postoperative complications; retrospective studies; risk factors; spinal fusion; treatment outcome; internal fixators
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Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion using expandable cages: increased risk of late postoperative subsidence without a real improvement of perioperative outcomes: a clinical monocentric study / Armocida, D.; Pesce, A.; Cimatti, M.; Proietti, L.; Santoro, A.; Frati, A.. - In: WORLD NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 1878-8750. - 156:(2021), pp. e57-e63. [10.1016/j.wneu.2021.08.127]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1605895
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