Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the listening comprehension (LC) skills in deaf and hard of hearing children (DHH) using cochlear implants (CI). Besides, personal and audiological variables that could influence the levels of competence reached were analyzed. Methods: Thirty-four children using CI were enrolled. LC skills were assessed through the standardized Italian test "Comprensione Orale-Test e Trattamento" (CO-TT). A univariate analysis was conducted to compare LC with gender, listening mode (unilateral or bilateral), maternal level of education and family income. A bivariate analysis was performed to search possible connections between children's performances and their individual characteristics, audiological conditions, and language levels. Finally, a multivariate analysis was performed using a stepwise hierarchical linear regression model which included all variables whose p value resulted ≤ 0.05. Results: Twenty-one children using CI (61.8%) showed adequate performances in terms of chronological age, while 13 (38.2%) showed difficulties in LC. Maternal level of education, age at diagnosis and non-verbal cognitive level accounted for 43% of the observed variance. Auditory attention skills explained an additional 15% of variance. Morphosyntactic comprehension added a further 12% of variance. Conclusion: CI can really help many DHH children to reach adequate LC skills, but in some cases difficulties remain. Factors influencing LC need to be early investigated and considered when planning an appropriate rehabilitative intervention.

Listening comprehension in profoundly deaf children with cochlear implants: the role of auditory perception and foundational linguistic and cognitive skills / Nicastri, Maria; Ruoppolo, Giovanni; Guerzoni, Letizia; Cuda, Domenico; Giallini, Ilaria; Cocchi, Chiara; DE VINCENTIIS, Marco; Greco, Antonio; Mancini, Patrizia. - In: EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY AND HEAD & NECK. - ISSN 1434-4726. - 13 January 2022:(2022), p. 1. [10.1007/s00405-021-07156-y]

Listening comprehension in profoundly deaf children with cochlear implants: the role of auditory perception and foundational linguistic and cognitive skills

Maria Nicastri
Primo
;
Giovanni Ruoppolo
Secondo
;
Ilaria Giallini;Chiara Cocchi;Marco de Vincentiis;Antonio Greco
Penultimo
;
Patrizia Mancini
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the listening comprehension (LC) skills in deaf and hard of hearing children (DHH) using cochlear implants (CI). Besides, personal and audiological variables that could influence the levels of competence reached were analyzed. Methods: Thirty-four children using CI were enrolled. LC skills were assessed through the standardized Italian test "Comprensione Orale-Test e Trattamento" (CO-TT). A univariate analysis was conducted to compare LC with gender, listening mode (unilateral or bilateral), maternal level of education and family income. A bivariate analysis was performed to search possible connections between children's performances and their individual characteristics, audiological conditions, and language levels. Finally, a multivariate analysis was performed using a stepwise hierarchical linear regression model which included all variables whose p value resulted ≤ 0.05. Results: Twenty-one children using CI (61.8%) showed adequate performances in terms of chronological age, while 13 (38.2%) showed difficulties in LC. Maternal level of education, age at diagnosis and non-verbal cognitive level accounted for 43% of the observed variance. Auditory attention skills explained an additional 15% of variance. Morphosyntactic comprehension added a further 12% of variance. Conclusion: CI can really help many DHH children to reach adequate LC skills, but in some cases difficulties remain. Factors influencing LC need to be early investigated and considered when planning an appropriate rehabilitative intervention.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1605285
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