Posidonia oceanica is a seagrass endemic to the Mediterranean and it has been widely used as a bioindicator. We studied the layers of a 500-year-old matte using a multiproxy approach (δ13C, δ15N, 14C and C and N concentrations in seagrass debris) in order to evaluate the potential of P. oceanica as a long-term environmental indicator of N pollution and CO2 emissions. From 1581 to 1800, accumulation rate was ca. 0.35 cm year 1, while in the last 100 years it has amounted to ca. 0.51 cm year 1. We observed increasing δ15N values with height in the vertical matte profile, indicating an increase in anthropogenic organic N inputs over time. In contrast, no clear trend in the δ13C values was observed. This study reconstructs the long-term impact of human activities on a seagrass meadow located off the Italian coast, yielding long-term background information that can help managers to implement efficient plans.

Increasing nutrient inputs over the last 500 years in an Italian low-impacted seagrass meadow / Casella, Nicolò; Careddu, Giulio; Calizza, Edoardo; Sporta Caputi, Simona; Rossi, Loreto; Belluscio, Andrea; Ardizzone, Giandomenico; Calcagnile, Lucio; Quarta, Gianluca; D'Elia, Marisa; Costantini, Maria Letizia. - In: MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN. - ISSN 0025-326X. - 174:(2022). [10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.113298]

Increasing nutrient inputs over the last 500 years in an Italian low-impacted seagrass meadow

Careddu, Giulio
;
Calizza, Edoardo;Sporta Caputi, Simona;Rossi, Loreto;Belluscio, Andrea;Costantini, Maria Letizia
2022

Abstract

Posidonia oceanica is a seagrass endemic to the Mediterranean and it has been widely used as a bioindicator. We studied the layers of a 500-year-old matte using a multiproxy approach (δ13C, δ15N, 14C and C and N concentrations in seagrass debris) in order to evaluate the potential of P. oceanica as a long-term environmental indicator of N pollution and CO2 emissions. From 1581 to 1800, accumulation rate was ca. 0.35 cm year 1, while in the last 100 years it has amounted to ca. 0.51 cm year 1. We observed increasing δ15N values with height in the vertical matte profile, indicating an increase in anthropogenic organic N inputs over time. In contrast, no clear trend in the δ13C values was observed. This study reconstructs the long-term impact of human activities on a seagrass meadow located off the Italian coast, yielding long-term background information that can help managers to implement efficient plans.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1604751
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