Stem cell therapy is an evolving treatment strategy in regenerative medicine. Recent studies report stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth could complement the traditional mes-enchymal stem cell sources. Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth exhibit mesenchymal characteristics with multilineage differentiation potential. Mesenchymal stem cells are widely investigated for cell therapy and disease modeling. Although many research are being conducted to address the challenges of mesenchymal stem cell therapy in clinics, most of the studies are still in infancy. Host cell microenvironment is one of the major factors affecting the homing of transplanted stem cell and understanding the factors affecting the fate of stem cells of prime important. In this study we aimed to understand the effects of serum deprivation in stem cells derived from human deciduous tooth. Our study aimed to understand the morphological, transcriptional, cell cycle and stemness based changes of stem cells in nutrient deprived medium. Our results suggest that stem cells in nutrient deprived media undergo low proliferation, high apoptosis and changed the differentiation potential of the stem cells. Serum deprived mesenchymal stem cells exhibited enhanced chondrogenic differentiation potential and reduced osteogenic differentiation potential. Moreover, the activation of key metabolic sensor AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) leads to activation of transcription factors such as FOXO3, which leads to an S phase quiescence. Serum deprivation also enhanced the expression of stemness related genes Sox2 and c-Myc.

Glucose and serum deprivation led to altered proliferation, differentiation potential and AMPK activation in stem cells from human deciduous tooth / Pawar, M.; Pawar, V.; Renugalakshmi, A.; Albrakati, A.; Uthman, U. S.; Dewan, H.; Mugri, M.; Sayed, M.; Bhandi, S.; Patil, V. R.; Reda, R.; Testarelli, L.; Patil, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 12:1(2022). [10.3390/jpm12010018]

Glucose and serum deprivation led to altered proliferation, differentiation potential and AMPK activation in stem cells from human deciduous tooth

Reda R.
Data Curation
;
Testarelli L.
Penultimo
Conceptualization
;
2022

Abstract

Stem cell therapy is an evolving treatment strategy in regenerative medicine. Recent studies report stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth could complement the traditional mes-enchymal stem cell sources. Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth exhibit mesenchymal characteristics with multilineage differentiation potential. Mesenchymal stem cells are widely investigated for cell therapy and disease modeling. Although many research are being conducted to address the challenges of mesenchymal stem cell therapy in clinics, most of the studies are still in infancy. Host cell microenvironment is one of the major factors affecting the homing of transplanted stem cell and understanding the factors affecting the fate of stem cells of prime important. In this study we aimed to understand the effects of serum deprivation in stem cells derived from human deciduous tooth. Our study aimed to understand the morphological, transcriptional, cell cycle and stemness based changes of stem cells in nutrient deprived medium. Our results suggest that stem cells in nutrient deprived media undergo low proliferation, high apoptosis and changed the differentiation potential of the stem cells. Serum deprived mesenchymal stem cells exhibited enhanced chondrogenic differentiation potential and reduced osteogenic differentiation potential. Moreover, the activation of key metabolic sensor AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) leads to activation of transcription factors such as FOXO3, which leads to an S phase quiescence. Serum deprivation also enhanced the expression of stemness related genes Sox2 and c-Myc.
2022
AMPK; nutrient deprivation; quiescence; SHEDs; stemness
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Glucose and serum deprivation led to altered proliferation, differentiation potential and AMPK activation in stem cells from human deciduous tooth / Pawar, M.; Pawar, V.; Renugalakshmi, A.; Albrakati, A.; Uthman, U. S.; Dewan, H.; Mugri, M.; Sayed, M.; Bhandi, S.; Patil, V. R.; Reda, R.; Testarelli, L.; Patil, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 12:1(2022). [10.3390/jpm12010018]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1604357
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