Chemical and structural modifications occurring in homogeneous crystalline Si nanoparticles (NPs) used as anode material in Li cells are investigated. State-of-the-art high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy coupled with electron energy loss spectroscopy resolved at the nanoscale is exploited. It is directly highlighted by electron spectromicroscopy that, above 0.1 V versus Li, the electrochemical activity of Si electrodes involves a complex interplay between Li incorporation, electrolyte degradation, and Si reduction/oxidation. These redox processes occur upon cycling through partially reversible reactions mediated by the solid electrolyte interphase. Overall, a SiO2 amorphous layer forms in the oxidized electrodes at the Si NPs interface with the electrolyte: this oxide shell partially dissolves upon reduction to give Li2CO3 and amorphous Si. Si NPs cores are therefore eroded upon cycling as their outer layers are directly involved in a reversible oxygen shifting mechanism at the interface, whereas unreacted SiO2 accumulates cycle-by-cycle. These findings extend the comprehension of the Si pulverization mechanism in Li batteries.

On the Redox Activity of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase in the Reduction/Oxidation of Silicon Nanoparticles in Secondary Lithium Batteries / Bongiorno, C.; Mannino, G.; D'Alessio, U.; Monforte, F.; Condorelli, G. G.; Spinella, C.; La Magna, A.; Brutti, S.. - In: ENERGY TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2194-4288. - (2022), p. 2100791. [10.1002/ente.202100791]

On the Redox Activity of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase in the Reduction/Oxidation of Silicon Nanoparticles in Secondary Lithium Batteries

Brutti S.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Chemical and structural modifications occurring in homogeneous crystalline Si nanoparticles (NPs) used as anode material in Li cells are investigated. State-of-the-art high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy coupled with electron energy loss spectroscopy resolved at the nanoscale is exploited. It is directly highlighted by electron spectromicroscopy that, above 0.1 V versus Li, the electrochemical activity of Si electrodes involves a complex interplay between Li incorporation, electrolyte degradation, and Si reduction/oxidation. These redox processes occur upon cycling through partially reversible reactions mediated by the solid electrolyte interphase. Overall, a SiO2 amorphous layer forms in the oxidized electrodes at the Si NPs interface with the electrolyte: this oxide shell partially dissolves upon reduction to give Li2CO3 and amorphous Si. Si NPs cores are therefore eroded upon cycling as their outer layers are directly involved in a reversible oxygen shifting mechanism at the interface, whereas unreacted SiO2 accumulates cycle-by-cycle. These findings extend the comprehension of the Si pulverization mechanism in Li batteries.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1601837
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