Background Earlier diagnosis and improved treatments have led to better outcomes in breast cancer, making quality of life a key issue. Sexuality represents a pillar of quality of life, although it is often neglected by both healthcare providers and patients when it comes to cancer. This study aims to explore the differences in sexual functioning, distress, psychopathology, emotions, and cognitions between breast cancer patients under hormonal treatment and controls. Methods Seventy-nine women (age range between 24 and 69 years) in hormonal therapy for breast cancer completed a self-reported protocol. A matched control group of 103 women was randomly extracted from an Italian general population database. Eight self-report questionnaires exploring biopsychosocial factors were administered. Results The current study showed an impaired sexuality in breast cancer patients compared to controls. Breast cancer women under hormonal treatment were characterized by diminished or absent sexual activity ( chi2 = 36.16; p < 0.001), lower level of sexual functioning in all areas except for pain (F(1,180) = 8.1; p < 0.01), higher sexual (F(1,180) = 10.08; p < 0.001) and psychological distress (F(1,180) = 6.23; p < 0.05), higher scores in Difficulties in Identifying Feelings (F(1,180) = 7.31; p < 0.01) and Externally Oriented Thinking (F(1,180) = 6.64; p < 0.05), higher level of negative emotions related to sexuality (F(1,180) = 11.13; p < 0.001), and more rigid cognition towards peculiar aspects of sexuality, such as Failure Disengagement Thoughts (F(1,180) = 22.01; p < 0.001) and Age related Beliefs (F(1,180) = 5.7; p < 0.05). Conclusions Health care providers do not usually assess those issues in their routine practice, so that sexuality remains an unmet need with remarkable effects on general health and quality of life.

Sexuality in breast cancer survivors: sexual experiences, emotions, and cognitions in a group of women under hormonal therapy / Nimbi, F. M.; Magno, S.; Agostini, L.; Di Micco, A.; Maggiore, C.; De Cesaris, B. M.; Rossi, R.; Galizia, R.; Simonelli, C.; Tambelli, R.. - In: BREAST CANCER. - ISSN 1340-6868. - (2022). [10.1007/s12282-021-01320-2]

Sexuality in breast cancer survivors: sexual experiences, emotions, and cognitions in a group of women under hormonal therapy

Nimbi, F. M.
Primo
;
Magno, S.;Maggiore, C.;Rossi, R.;Galizia, R.;Simonelli, C.;Tambelli, R.
2022

Abstract

Background Earlier diagnosis and improved treatments have led to better outcomes in breast cancer, making quality of life a key issue. Sexuality represents a pillar of quality of life, although it is often neglected by both healthcare providers and patients when it comes to cancer. This study aims to explore the differences in sexual functioning, distress, psychopathology, emotions, and cognitions between breast cancer patients under hormonal treatment and controls. Methods Seventy-nine women (age range between 24 and 69 years) in hormonal therapy for breast cancer completed a self-reported protocol. A matched control group of 103 women was randomly extracted from an Italian general population database. Eight self-report questionnaires exploring biopsychosocial factors were administered. Results The current study showed an impaired sexuality in breast cancer patients compared to controls. Breast cancer women under hormonal treatment were characterized by diminished or absent sexual activity ( chi2 = 36.16; p < 0.001), lower level of sexual functioning in all areas except for pain (F(1,180) = 8.1; p < 0.01), higher sexual (F(1,180) = 10.08; p < 0.001) and psychological distress (F(1,180) = 6.23; p < 0.05), higher scores in Difficulties in Identifying Feelings (F(1,180) = 7.31; p < 0.01) and Externally Oriented Thinking (F(1,180) = 6.64; p < 0.05), higher level of negative emotions related to sexuality (F(1,180) = 11.13; p < 0.001), and more rigid cognition towards peculiar aspects of sexuality, such as Failure Disengagement Thoughts (F(1,180) = 22.01; p < 0.001) and Age related Beliefs (F(1,180) = 5.7; p < 0.05). Conclusions Health care providers do not usually assess those issues in their routine practice, so that sexuality remains an unmet need with remarkable effects on general health and quality of life.
2022
Breast cancer · Sexual functioning · Cognitions · Biopsychosocial model · Hormonal therapy
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Sexuality in breast cancer survivors: sexual experiences, emotions, and cognitions in a group of women under hormonal therapy / Nimbi, F. M.; Magno, S.; Agostini, L.; Di Micco, A.; Maggiore, C.; De Cesaris, B. M.; Rossi, R.; Galizia, R.; Simonelli, C.; Tambelli, R.. - In: BREAST CANCER. - ISSN 1340-6868. - (2022). [10.1007/s12282-021-01320-2]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1600746
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