The primary and secondary prevention strategies of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) largely rely on the management of arterial hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, two major risk factors possibly linked in pathophysiological terms by the renin-angiotensin system activation and that often coexist in the same patient synergistically increasing cardiovascular risk. The classic pharmacologic armamentarium to reduce hypercholesterolemia has been based in the last two decades on statins, ezetimibe, and bile acid sequestrants. More recently numerous novel, additive resources targeting different pathways in LDL cholesterol metabolism have emerged. They include drugs targeting the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) (inhibitory antibodies; small-interfering RNAs), the angiopoietin-like protein 3 (inhibitory antibodies), and the ATP-citrate lyase (the inhibitory oral prodrug, bempedoic acid), with PCSK9 inhibitors and bempedoic acid already approved for clinical use. With the potential of at least halving LDL cholesterol levels faster and more effectively with the addition of ezetimibe than with high-intensity statin alone, and even more with the addition of the novel available drugs, this document endorsed by the Italian Society of Hypertension proposes a novel paradigm for the treatment of the hypertensive patient with hypercholesterolemia at high and very high ASCVD risk. Our proposal is based on the use as a first-line of a preferably fixed combination of lipid-lowering drugs, under the motto "Our goal: achieve control. No setback: combine and check".

Reduction of high cholesterol levels by a preferably fixed-combination strategy as the first step in the treatment of hypertensive patients with hypercholesterolemia and high/very high cardiovascular risk: a consensus document by the Italian Society of Hypertension / Grassi, Guido; Del Pinto, Rita; Agabiti Rosei, Claudia; Agnoletti, Davide; Borghi, Claudio; Cicero, Arrigo F G; De Ciuceis, Carolina; Desideri, Giovambattista; Grassi, Davide; Muiesan, Maria Lorenza; Paini, Anna; Salvetti, Massimo; Tocci, Giuliano; Veglio, Franco; Volpe, Massimo; Ferri, Claudio. - In: HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE & CARDIOVASCULAR PREVENTION. - ISSN 1120-9879. - (2022), pp. 1-9. [10.1007/s40292-021-00501-6]

Reduction of high cholesterol levels by a preferably fixed-combination strategy as the first step in the treatment of hypertensive patients with hypercholesterolemia and high/very high cardiovascular risk: a consensus document by the Italian Society of Hypertension

Tocci, Giuliano;Volpe, Massimo;
2022

Abstract

The primary and secondary prevention strategies of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) largely rely on the management of arterial hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, two major risk factors possibly linked in pathophysiological terms by the renin-angiotensin system activation and that often coexist in the same patient synergistically increasing cardiovascular risk. The classic pharmacologic armamentarium to reduce hypercholesterolemia has been based in the last two decades on statins, ezetimibe, and bile acid sequestrants. More recently numerous novel, additive resources targeting different pathways in LDL cholesterol metabolism have emerged. They include drugs targeting the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) (inhibitory antibodies; small-interfering RNAs), the angiopoietin-like protein 3 (inhibitory antibodies), and the ATP-citrate lyase (the inhibitory oral prodrug, bempedoic acid), with PCSK9 inhibitors and bempedoic acid already approved for clinical use. With the potential of at least halving LDL cholesterol levels faster and more effectively with the addition of ezetimibe than with high-intensity statin alone, and even more with the addition of the novel available drugs, this document endorsed by the Italian Society of Hypertension proposes a novel paradigm for the treatment of the hypertensive patient with hypercholesterolemia at high and very high ASCVD risk. Our proposal is based on the use as a first-line of a preferably fixed combination of lipid-lowering drugs, under the motto "Our goal: achieve control. No setback: combine and check".
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1600179
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