- BACKGROUND: Anterior skull base (ASB) fractures are reported in 4% of head injuries and represent 21% of all skull fractures. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks may follow, severely exacerbating outcomes. We systematically reviewed the literature to analyze and compare the roles of endoscopic surgery, open surgery, and combined approaches in the management of CSF leak repair after posttraumatic ASB fractures. - METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were searched in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Studies reporting clinical data of patients with CSF leaks after ASB fracture were reviewed, focusing on management strategies and posttreatment outcomes. - RESULTS: We included 29 articles comprising 888 patients. The average age at diagnosis was 34 years (range, 18e91 years), with a male predominance (54%) and a male/female ratio of 2.9:1 (647:241). Clinical data were available for 888 patients with CSF leaks after ASB fracture, reporting a median follow-up time of 33.5 months (standard deviation, 29; range, 0.5e330.0 months). Open surgical repair was the most common approach (67.9%), followed by endoscopic surgical repair (32.1%). The endoscopy cohort showed lower rates of complications (0.7% vs. 11.1%) and fistula recurrence (2.8% vs. 5.3%) compared with open surgery. - CONCLUSIONS: ASB fractures are frequently treated as late surgery, 24 hours from injury or later, especially for endoscopic surgery. Overall, the endoscopic approach is preferred, mostly because of its safety and effectiveness, offering lower failure rates than does open surgery.

Cerebrospinal fluid leaks after anterior skull base trauma: a systematic review of the literature / Umana, Giuseppe E.; Pucci, Resi; Palmisciano, Paolo; Cassoni, Andrea; Ricciardi, Luca; Tomasi, Santino O.; Strigari, Lidia; Scalia, Gianluca; Valentini, Valentino. - In: WORLD NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 1878-8750. - 157:(2022), pp. 193-206. [10.1016/j.wneu.2021.10.065]

Cerebrospinal fluid leaks after anterior skull base trauma: a systematic review of the literature

Umana, Giuseppe E.
Primo
;
Pucci, Resi
Secondo
;
Cassoni, Andrea;Ricciardi, Luca;Strigari, Lidia;Valentini, Valentino
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

- BACKGROUND: Anterior skull base (ASB) fractures are reported in 4% of head injuries and represent 21% of all skull fractures. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks may follow, severely exacerbating outcomes. We systematically reviewed the literature to analyze and compare the roles of endoscopic surgery, open surgery, and combined approaches in the management of CSF leak repair after posttraumatic ASB fractures. - METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were searched in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Studies reporting clinical data of patients with CSF leaks after ASB fracture were reviewed, focusing on management strategies and posttreatment outcomes. - RESULTS: We included 29 articles comprising 888 patients. The average age at diagnosis was 34 years (range, 18e91 years), with a male predominance (54%) and a male/female ratio of 2.9:1 (647:241). Clinical data were available for 888 patients with CSF leaks after ASB fracture, reporting a median follow-up time of 33.5 months (standard deviation, 29; range, 0.5e330.0 months). Open surgical repair was the most common approach (67.9%), followed by endoscopic surgical repair (32.1%). The endoscopy cohort showed lower rates of complications (0.7% vs. 11.1%) and fistula recurrence (2.8% vs. 5.3%) compared with open surgery. - CONCLUSIONS: ASB fractures are frequently treated as late surgery, 24 hours from injury or later, especially for endoscopic surgery. Overall, the endoscopic approach is preferred, mostly because of its safety and effectiveness, offering lower failure rates than does open surgery.
Anterior skull baseCerebrospinal fluid leakCraniofacial traumaEndoscopySkull base fracture
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Cerebrospinal fluid leaks after anterior skull base trauma: a systematic review of the literature / Umana, Giuseppe E.; Pucci, Resi; Palmisciano, Paolo; Cassoni, Andrea; Ricciardi, Luca; Tomasi, Santino O.; Strigari, Lidia; Scalia, Gianluca; Valentini, Valentino. - In: WORLD NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 1878-8750. - 157:(2022), pp. 193-206. [10.1016/j.wneu.2021.10.065]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1600037
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