Sociotropy (anaclitic) and autonomy (introjective) are conceptualised as two personality dimensions that confer vulnerability to depression. According to Blatt and Beck’s theories, sociotropic individuals exhibit distinctive patterns of symptoms such as prominent anxiety, depressed mood, helplessness, crying and somatic concerns, while self-critical ones seem to exhibit a pattern of symptoms including prominent guilt, hopelessness, feelings of failure and worthlessness and other cognitive symptoms. This systematic review was performed with the aim of investigating whether and to what extent psychological dimensions of anaclitic-sociotropic and introjective-autonomy are related to a specifc core of depressive symptoms. The search was conducted in three databases (PubMed, PsycINFO and Scopus) and 27 articles were selected. Results showed a weak association between somatic symptoms and dependent personality traits, while the relationship between self-criticism and cognitive symptomatology was signifcantly higher. These findings are discussed in the context of future research, necessary to corroborate the existence of a form of depression characterised by somatic features usually ignored by diagnostic criteria, essential to direct psychological treatments to these depressive personality diferences.

Anaclitic-sociotropic and introjective-autonomic personality dimensions and depressive symptoms: a systematic review / Marfoli, Angelica; Viglia, Federica; Di Consiglio, Micaela; Merola, Sheila; Sdoia, Stefano; Couyoumdjian, Alessandro. - In: ANNALS OF GENERAL PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1744-859X. - 20:1(2021). [10.1186/s12991-021-00373-z]

Anaclitic-sociotropic and introjective-autonomic personality dimensions and depressive symptoms: a systematic review

Marfoli, Angelica;Di Consiglio, Micaela;Merola, Sheila;Sdoia, Stefano;Couyoumdjian, Alessandro
2021

Abstract

Sociotropy (anaclitic) and autonomy (introjective) are conceptualised as two personality dimensions that confer vulnerability to depression. According to Blatt and Beck’s theories, sociotropic individuals exhibit distinctive patterns of symptoms such as prominent anxiety, depressed mood, helplessness, crying and somatic concerns, while self-critical ones seem to exhibit a pattern of symptoms including prominent guilt, hopelessness, feelings of failure and worthlessness and other cognitive symptoms. This systematic review was performed with the aim of investigating whether and to what extent psychological dimensions of anaclitic-sociotropic and introjective-autonomy are related to a specifc core of depressive symptoms. The search was conducted in three databases (PubMed, PsycINFO and Scopus) and 27 articles were selected. Results showed a weak association between somatic symptoms and dependent personality traits, while the relationship between self-criticism and cognitive symptomatology was signifcantly higher. These findings are discussed in the context of future research, necessary to corroborate the existence of a form of depression characterised by somatic features usually ignored by diagnostic criteria, essential to direct psychological treatments to these depressive personality diferences.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1596937
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