This study examines a set of bronze arrowheads involved in the Siege of Motya (Italy) and aims to determine their microstructures, corrosion patterns and production techniques using Scanning Electron Microscope, X-ray maps, Electron Microprobe Analysis and X-ray diffraction. The arrowheads characterized by plane and conical shapes are made from Cu-Sn-alloy, featuring Liesegang rings with streaks of Sn-oxide interposed between Cu2O and Cu2(OH)3Cl layers. Those of pyramidal or lanceolate shapes are made from Cu-Pb-Sn alloy and contain different corrosive products triggered by exposure to high levels of chloride-rich conditions. These results have highlighted an interesting correlation between alloy microstructures, compositions, typology and geographic provenance, and thus provide new insight on the weaponry and poliorcetics of the Syracusan army that led to the defeat of Motya in 397/6 BC.

Exploring the chemical composition and corrosion patterns of arrowheads used in the Siege of Motya (397 BC) through a multi-analytical approach / Bernabale, M.; Nigro, L.; Montanari, D.; De Vito, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF CULTURAL HERITAGE. - ISSN 1296-2074. - 52:(2021), pp. 146-152. [10.1016/j.culher.2021.10.001]

Exploring the chemical composition and corrosion patterns of arrowheads used in the Siege of Motya (397 BC) through a multi-analytical approach

Bernabale M.;Nigro L.;Montanari D.;De Vito C.
2021

Abstract

This study examines a set of bronze arrowheads involved in the Siege of Motya (Italy) and aims to determine their microstructures, corrosion patterns and production techniques using Scanning Electron Microscope, X-ray maps, Electron Microprobe Analysis and X-ray diffraction. The arrowheads characterized by plane and conical shapes are made from Cu-Sn-alloy, featuring Liesegang rings with streaks of Sn-oxide interposed between Cu2O and Cu2(OH)3Cl layers. Those of pyramidal or lanceolate shapes are made from Cu-Pb-Sn alloy and contain different corrosive products triggered by exposure to high levels of chloride-rich conditions. These results have highlighted an interesting correlation between alloy microstructures, compositions, typology and geographic provenance, and thus provide new insight on the weaponry and poliorcetics of the Syracusan army that led to the defeat of Motya in 397/6 BC.
arrowheads; copper alloys; copper trihydroxychlorides; corrosion stratigraphy; lead globules corrosion; SEM-EMPA-XRPD
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Exploring the chemical composition and corrosion patterns of arrowheads used in the Siege of Motya (397 BC) through a multi-analytical approach / Bernabale, M.; Nigro, L.; Montanari, D.; De Vito, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF CULTURAL HERITAGE. - ISSN 1296-2074. - 52:(2021), pp. 146-152. [10.1016/j.culher.2021.10.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1596821
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