The lithium metal anode is regarded as ideal for high-energy rechargeable batteries. Unfortunately, the uncontrolled lithium dendritic growth and the infinite volume expansion upon cycling result in low Coulombic efficiency, fast capacity decay and safety issues. Herein, a mismatch electrical-conductivity framework has been designed as a stable host to regulate lithium deposition behaviour. Due to the ionic conductivity of the lithiophilic layer and the electron conductivity of hollow carbon nanofibres (HCF), lithium metal is preferentially deposited into and encapsulated by the HCF, resulting in greatly improved electrochemical performance. The heat generation upon lithium storage and release in the Al2O3 coated HCF (A–HCF) during cycling is lower compared to the plating/stripping on copper foil. The A-HCF electrodes show high Coulombic efficiency (97%) upon 500 cycles employing a conventional, alkyl carbonate-based electrolyte, demonstrating improved reversibility of Li plating/stripping. Complete cells assembled employing LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NMC811)-based positive electrodes exhibit high capacity retention (94%) after 120 cycles at 1 C, delivering a high energy density (363 Wh per kg of NMC811). Even upon cycling at 5 C rate, the cells, employing less than three times excess lithium, deliver a very high capacity (133 mAh per g of NMC811) for 50 cycles. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

A mismatch electrical conductivity skeleton enables dendrite–free and high stability lithium metal anode / Fang, S.; Shen, L.; Hoefling, A.; Wang, Y.; Kim, G.; van Aken, P. A.; Zhang, X.; Passerini, S.. - In: NANO ENERGY. - ISSN 2211-2855. - 89(2021). [10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.106421]

A mismatch electrical conductivity skeleton enables dendrite–free and high stability lithium metal anode

Passerini, S.
2021

Abstract

The lithium metal anode is regarded as ideal for high-energy rechargeable batteries. Unfortunately, the uncontrolled lithium dendritic growth and the infinite volume expansion upon cycling result in low Coulombic efficiency, fast capacity decay and safety issues. Herein, a mismatch electrical-conductivity framework has been designed as a stable host to regulate lithium deposition behaviour. Due to the ionic conductivity of the lithiophilic layer and the electron conductivity of hollow carbon nanofibres (HCF), lithium metal is preferentially deposited into and encapsulated by the HCF, resulting in greatly improved electrochemical performance. The heat generation upon lithium storage and release in the Al2O3 coated HCF (A–HCF) during cycling is lower compared to the plating/stripping on copper foil. The A-HCF electrodes show high Coulombic efficiency (97%) upon 500 cycles employing a conventional, alkyl carbonate-based electrolyte, demonstrating improved reversibility of Li plating/stripping. Complete cells assembled employing LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NMC811)-based positive electrodes exhibit high capacity retention (94%) after 120 cycles at 1 C, delivering a high energy density (363 Wh per kg of NMC811). Even upon cycling at 5 C rate, the cells, employing less than three times excess lithium, deliver a very high capacity (133 mAh per g of NMC811) for 50 cycles. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1588435
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