Much of the climate discourse of today is held on the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and reducing humanity’s ecological footprint on Earth. However, as climate change isalready impacting our planet, adaptation measures to climate change are also required. Rising temperatures, the multiplication of intense precipitation events and related pluvial and river floods, drought events and water scarcity as well as the increase of frequency of wildfires represent a few of the multiple climate change impacts that governments and citizens have to deal with. For ecological reasons, climate change affects areas very differently based on geographic location and urban centers represent climate ‘hotspots’ as areas with high vulnerability. As a consequence, cities and towns play a crucial role in tackling climate change effects. The aim of this essay is to analyze the legal aspects of climate change adaptation set by local governments to prevent and manage damages related to climate-related risks. After determining the international, European and Italian legal framework on adaptation, the purpose of the article is to identify the legal instruments used by local administrations to develop adaptation measures. In particular, the analysis focuses on the legal aspects related to three dimensions of local adaptation: urban greening as a nature-based solution for heat waves risks; the management of water-related risks; the civil protection planning function of municipalities. Considering the impacts of the mainstreaming process on planning tools, special attention is directed towards the issue of integration and coordination between the different urban and sectoral planning instruments required by the Italian multi-level governance legal system.

Legal aspects of urban climate change adaptation. Italian cities. A case study / Stupazzini, Riccardo. - 1(2021), pp. 1-29. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Law and the city: 14th annual McGill law graduate conference tenutosi a Montreal [10.26443/glsars.v1i1.131].

Legal aspects of urban climate change adaptation. Italian cities. A case study

Riccardo Stupazzini
2021

Abstract

Much of the climate discourse of today is held on the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and reducing humanity’s ecological footprint on Earth. However, as climate change isalready impacting our planet, adaptation measures to climate change are also required. Rising temperatures, the multiplication of intense precipitation events and related pluvial and river floods, drought events and water scarcity as well as the increase of frequency of wildfires represent a few of the multiple climate change impacts that governments and citizens have to deal with. For ecological reasons, climate change affects areas very differently based on geographic location and urban centers represent climate ‘hotspots’ as areas with high vulnerability. As a consequence, cities and towns play a crucial role in tackling climate change effects. The aim of this essay is to analyze the legal aspects of climate change adaptation set by local governments to prevent and manage damages related to climate-related risks. After determining the international, European and Italian legal framework on adaptation, the purpose of the article is to identify the legal instruments used by local administrations to develop adaptation measures. In particular, the analysis focuses on the legal aspects related to three dimensions of local adaptation: urban greening as a nature-based solution for heat waves risks; the management of water-related risks; the civil protection planning function of municipalities. Considering the impacts of the mainstreaming process on planning tools, special attention is directed towards the issue of integration and coordination between the different urban and sectoral planning instruments required by the Italian multi-level governance legal system.
Une grande partie du discours climatique actuel porte sur la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES) et la réduction de l'empreinte écologique de l'humanité. Cependant, comme les changements climatiques ont déjà un impact sur notre planète, des mesures d'adaptation aux changements climatiques sont également nécessaires. La hausse des températures; la multiplication des épisodes de précipitations intenses ainsi queles inondations pluviales et fluviales qui en découlent; les épisodes de sécheresse ainsi que la pénurie d'eau; et l'augmentation de la fréquence des feux de forêt ne sont que quelques-uns des multiples effets des changements climatiques auxquels les gouvernements et les citoyens doivent faire face. Pour des raisons écologiques, les différentes juridictions peuvent être affectées par des impacts bien divers selon leurs emplacements géographiques. Les centres urbains représentent des «pointschauds» du climat, c'est-à-dire des zones très vulnérables. Par conséquent, les villes et les agglomérations jouent un rôle crucial dans la lutte contre les effets des changements climatiques. L'objectif de cet essai est d’analyser les aspects juridiques des mesures d'adaptation mises en place par les gouvernements locaux pour prévenir et gérer les dommages liés aux risques climatiques. Après avoir déterminé le cadre juridique international, européen et italien régissant l'adaptation aux changements climatiques, l'objectif de cet article est d'identifier les instruments juridiques utilisés par les administrations locales pour développer des mesures adaptatives. En particulier, l'analyse se concentre sur les aspects juridiquesliés à trois dimensions de l'adaptation locale: le «verdissement urbain» comme solution naturelle aux risques de canicule, la gestion des risques liés à l'eau et la planification de la protection civile par les municipalités. Compte tenu des impacts duprocessus d'intégration sur les outils de planification, une attention particulière est accordée à l'intégration et la coordination entre les différents instruments de planification urbaine et sectorielle requises par le système juridique italien qui présente plusieurs niveaux de gouvernance. Mots-clésChangement climatique, adaptation, villes italiennes, verdissement urbain, risques reliés à l’eau, protection civile.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1586494
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