Multimode optical fibers are attracting a growing interest for their capability to transport high-power laser beams, coupled with novel nonlinear optics-based applications. However, optical fiber breakdown occurs when beam intensities exceed a certain critical value. Optical breakdown associated with irreversible modifications of the refractive index, triggered by multiphoton absorption, has been largely exploited for fiber material micro- structuration. Here we show that, for light beam intensities slightly below the breakdown threshold, nonlinear absorption strongly affects the dynamics of a propagating beam as well. We experimentally analyze this subthresh- old regime and highlight the key role played by spatial self-imaging in graded-index fibers for enhancing non- linear optical losses. We characterize the nonlinear power transmission properties of multimode fibers for femtosecond pulses propagating in the near-infrared spectral range. We show that an effective N-photon absorp- tion analytical model is able to describe the experimental data well.

Femtosecond nonlinear losses in multimode optical fibers / Ferraro, Mario; Mangini, Fabio; Zitelli, Mario; Tonello, Alessandro; De Luca, Antonio; Couderc, Vincent; Wabnitz, Stefan. - In: PHOTONICS RESEARCH. - ISSN 2327-9125. - 9:12(2021), pp. 2443-2453. [10.1364/PRJ.425878]

Femtosecond nonlinear losses in multimode optical fibers

Ferraro, Mario;Mangini, Fabio;Zitelli, Mario;Wabnitz, Stefan
2021

Abstract

Multimode optical fibers are attracting a growing interest for their capability to transport high-power laser beams, coupled with novel nonlinear optics-based applications. However, optical fiber breakdown occurs when beam intensities exceed a certain critical value. Optical breakdown associated with irreversible modifications of the refractive index, triggered by multiphoton absorption, has been largely exploited for fiber material micro- structuration. Here we show that, for light beam intensities slightly below the breakdown threshold, nonlinear absorption strongly affects the dynamics of a propagating beam as well. We experimentally analyze this subthresh- old regime and highlight the key role played by spatial self-imaging in graded-index fibers for enhancing non- linear optical losses. We characterize the nonlinear power transmission properties of multimode fibers for femtosecond pulses propagating in the near-infrared spectral range. We show that an effective N-photon absorp- tion analytical model is able to describe the experimental data well.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1586242
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