A low-cost and portable reflectometric system was described to correlate the water content inside building material with the resonance frequency of a planar probe. An inexpensive planar patch resonator was realized, and a high sensitivity load cell was developed to investigate the external force effect on the resonance frequency shift. Regarding the material under test, four stones commonly employed in Italy Cultural Heritage buildings were used: Pietra Gentile, Leccese, Carparo, and Tuff. Measurements were carried out at different water content values and were performed using a portable vector network analyzer. Two different trials were carried out ten times for each moisture level: with an unknown handheld force exerted on the probe and using the load cell to ensure a repeatable force. Results showed that a repeatable applied force guaranteed more reproducible measurements. The achieved humidity/frequency calibration curves can be used, in practice, for non-invasive on-site water content monitoring of historic structures.

A portable low-cost reflectometric setup for moisture measurement in cultural heritage masonry unit / D'Alvia, Livio; Pittella, Erika; Rizzuto, Emanuele; Piuzzi, Emanuele; DEL PRETE, Zaccaria. - In: MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0263-2241. - 189:(2021), pp. 1-11. [10.1016/j.measurement.2021.110438]

A portable low-cost reflectometric setup for moisture measurement in cultural heritage masonry unit

Livio D'Alvia
;
erika pittella;Emanuele Rizzuto;Emanuele Piuzzi;Zaccaria Del Prete
2021

Abstract

A low-cost and portable reflectometric system was described to correlate the water content inside building material with the resonance frequency of a planar probe. An inexpensive planar patch resonator was realized, and a high sensitivity load cell was developed to investigate the external force effect on the resonance frequency shift. Regarding the material under test, four stones commonly employed in Italy Cultural Heritage buildings were used: Pietra Gentile, Leccese, Carparo, and Tuff. Measurements were carried out at different water content values and were performed using a portable vector network analyzer. Two different trials were carried out ten times for each moisture level: with an unknown handheld force exerted on the probe and using the load cell to ensure a repeatable force. Results showed that a repeatable applied force guaranteed more reproducible measurements. The achieved humidity/frequency calibration curves can be used, in practice, for non-invasive on-site water content monitoring of historic structures.
2021
moisture measurements; microwave reflectometry; load-cell; calibration curve; non-invasive measurement; sensing device; miniVNA-TINY; instrumentation design; archaeometry; cultural heritage
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A portable low-cost reflectometric setup for moisture measurement in cultural heritage masonry unit / D'Alvia, Livio; Pittella, Erika; Rizzuto, Emanuele; Piuzzi, Emanuele; DEL PRETE, Zaccaria. - In: MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0263-2241. - 189:(2021), pp. 1-11. [10.1016/j.measurement.2021.110438]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1585471
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