Abstract: Due to the advantage of flexible and quick movement, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been widely utilized in assisting wireless communications. A challenging problem is how to deploy UAVs to provide communication services for more user devices for a long term while minimizing the number of UAVs. In this article, we propose a UAV network system with UAV deletion due to redundancy or energy exhaustion and UAV insertion to provide long-lasting communication services. Then, a distributed algorithm based on the virtual Coulomb force and Voronoi diagram is proposed to deploy UAVs improving the communication coverage and turning redundant UAVs off. On the one hand, in order to improve the communication coverage, we propose two moving schemes to move UAVs. On the other hand, in order to save energy, we propose a sleeping scheme to turn several redundant UAVs off. Particularly, the redundancy of a UAV is evaluated according to a proposed definition of the average local coverage rate. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can deploy a minimal number of UAVs to provide enough communication coverage and the presented network system can offer long-lasting service.
Distributed Deployment in UAV-Assisted Networks for a Long-Lasting Communication Coverage / Liu, Xiaojie; Wang, Xingwei; Jia, Jie; Lv, Jianhui; Bartolini, Novella. - In: IEEE SYSTEMS JOURNAL. - ISSN 1937-9234. - (2021). [10.1109/JSYST.2021.3107280]