‘Dysbiosis’ of the adult gut microbiota, in response to challenges such as infection, altered diet, stress, and antibiotics treatment has been recently linked to pathological alteration of brain function and behavior. Moreover, gut microbiota composition constantly controls microglia maturation, as revealed by morphological observations and gene expression analysis. However, it is unclear whether microglia functional properties and crosstalk with neurons, known to shape and modulate synaptic development and function, are influenced by the gut microbiota. Here, we investigated how antibiotic-mediated alteration of the gut microbiota influences microglial and neuronal functions in adult mice hippocampus. Hippocampal microglia from adult mice treated with oral antibiotics exhibited increased microglia density, altered basal patrolling activity, and impaired process rearrangement in response to damage. Patch clamp recordings at CA3-CA1 synapses revealed that antibiotics treatment alters neuronal functions, reducing spontaneous postsynaptic glutamatergic currents and decreasing synaptic connectivity, without reducing dendritic spines density. Antibiotics treatment was unable to modulate synaptic function in CX3CR1-deficient mice, pointing to an involvement of microglia–neuron crosstalk through the CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis in the effect of dysbiosis on neuronal functions. Together, our findings show that antibiotic alteration of gut microbiota impairs synaptic efficacy, suggesting that CX3CL1/CX3CR1 signaling supporting microglia is a major player in in the gut–brain axis, and in particular in the gut microbiota-to-neuron communication pathway.

Antibiotics treatment modulates microglia–synapses interaction / Cordella, Federica; Sanchini, Caterina; Rosito, Maria; Ferrucci, Laura; Pediconi, Natalia; Cortese, Barbara; Guerrieri, Francesca; Pascucci, Giuseppe Rubens; Antonangeli, Fabrizio; Peruzzi, Giovanna; Giubettini, Maria; Basilico, Bernadette; Pagani, Francesca; Grimaldi, Alfonso; D’Alessandro, Giuseppina; Limatola, Cristina; Ragozzino, Davide; Di Angelantonio, Silvia. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 10:10(2021). [10.3390/cells10102648]

Antibiotics treatment modulates microglia–synapses interaction

Cordella, Federica;Sanchini, Caterina;Rosito, Maria
;
Ferrucci, Laura;Pediconi, Natalia;Cortese, Barbara;Antonangeli, Fabrizio;Peruzzi, Giovanna;Basilico, Bernadette;Pagani, Francesca;Grimaldi, Alfonso;D’Alessandro, Giuseppina;Limatola, Cristina;Ragozzino, Davide;Di Angelantonio, Silvia
2021

Abstract

‘Dysbiosis’ of the adult gut microbiota, in response to challenges such as infection, altered diet, stress, and antibiotics treatment has been recently linked to pathological alteration of brain function and behavior. Moreover, gut microbiota composition constantly controls microglia maturation, as revealed by morphological observations and gene expression analysis. However, it is unclear whether microglia functional properties and crosstalk with neurons, known to shape and modulate synaptic development and function, are influenced by the gut microbiota. Here, we investigated how antibiotic-mediated alteration of the gut microbiota influences microglial and neuronal functions in adult mice hippocampus. Hippocampal microglia from adult mice treated with oral antibiotics exhibited increased microglia density, altered basal patrolling activity, and impaired process rearrangement in response to damage. Patch clamp recordings at CA3-CA1 synapses revealed that antibiotics treatment alters neuronal functions, reducing spontaneous postsynaptic glutamatergic currents and decreasing synaptic connectivity, without reducing dendritic spines density. Antibiotics treatment was unable to modulate synaptic function in CX3CR1-deficient mice, pointing to an involvement of microglia–neuron crosstalk through the CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis in the effect of dysbiosis on neuronal functions. Together, our findings show that antibiotic alteration of gut microbiota impairs synaptic efficacy, suggesting that CX3CL1/CX3CR1 signaling supporting microglia is a major player in in the gut–brain axis, and in particular in the gut microbiota-to-neuron communication pathway.
antibiotics; glutamatergic synapses; gut-brain axis; hippocampal slices, CX3CL1/CX3CR1; hippocampus; microglia; patch clamp
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Antibiotics treatment modulates microglia–synapses interaction / Cordella, Federica; Sanchini, Caterina; Rosito, Maria; Ferrucci, Laura; Pediconi, Natalia; Cortese, Barbara; Guerrieri, Francesca; Pascucci, Giuseppe Rubens; Antonangeli, Fabrizio; Peruzzi, Giovanna; Giubettini, Maria; Basilico, Bernadette; Pagani, Francesca; Grimaldi, Alfonso; D’Alessandro, Giuseppina; Limatola, Cristina; Ragozzino, Davide; Di Angelantonio, Silvia. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 10:10(2021). [10.3390/cells10102648]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1582798
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