The pattern of cytochrome c oxidase inhibition by nitric oxide (NO) was investigated polarographically using Keilin-Hartree particles, mitochondria and human neuroblastoma cells. NO reacts with purified cytochrome c oxidase forming either a nitrosyl- or a nitrite-inhibited derivative, displaying distinct kinetics and light sensitivity of respiration recovery in the absence of free NO. Keilin-Hartree particles or cells, respiring either on endogenous substrates alone or in the presence of ascorbate, Das well as state 3 and state 4 mitochondria respiring on glutamate and malate, displayed the rapid recovery characteristic of the nitrite derivative. All systems, when respiring in the presence of tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine, were characterised by the slower, light-sensitive recovery typical of the nitrosyl derivative. Together the results suggest that the reaction of NO with cytochrome c oxidase in situ follows two alternative inhibition pathways, depending on the electron flux through the respiratory chain.
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|Titolo:||Control of respiration by nitric oxide in Keilin-Hartree particles, mitochondria and SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|