Background: The purpose of our study is to assess the short-term technical success and the safety of the Indigo System in a series of patients undergoing vacuum-assisted catheter direct thrombus aspiration (IS-CDTA) for acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI) and to evaluate which parameters may affect the outcome. Methods: All procedures using the IS-CDTA for ALLI, performed in a single-centre Interventional Radiology Unit from February 2016 to March 2020, were retrospectively analysed. Technical success was defined as the achievement of nearly-complete or complete revascularization (TIPI grade 2/3) and considered as a good outcome. Variables potentially correlated with the IS-CDTA outcome were analysed. Results: 33 procedures were performed in 29 patients. Mean age was 69 years old (range 47 - 88), 24 males (83%) and 5 females (18%). The technical success was 70%. Catheter-directed thrombolysis following IS-CDTA was performed in 23 cases and the overall technical success increased from 70% to 90%, afterwards. The median time between symptoms insurgency and IS-CDTA was significantly shorter in patients with good outcome (10 hours; IQR 2.75-48) compared to those with poor outcome (168 hours; IQR 36-336) (P = 0.003). No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups regarding ATK vs. BTK (P = 0.34), native vessel vs. graft (P = 0.25), occlusion nature P = 0.28) or Rutherford score (P = 0.80). Conclusion: IS-CDTA is a valid option for a rapid and percutaneous treatment of ALLI. Our experience indicates that the time elapsing from the symptoms insurgency and the endovascular procedure is the best positive predictor of the outcome.

Aspiration Thrombectomy with the Indigo System for Acute Lower Limb Ischemia. Preliminary experience and analysis of parameters affecting the outcome / Rossi, M; Tipaldi, Ma; Tagliaferro, Fb; Pisano, A; Ronconi, E; Lucertini, E; Daffina, J; Caruso, D; Laghi, A; Laurino, F. - In: ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0890-5096. - 76:(2021), pp. 1-27.

Aspiration Thrombectomy with the Indigo System for Acute Lower Limb Ischemia. Preliminary experience and analysis of parameters affecting the outcome

Tipaldi MA
;
Pisano A;Ronconi E;Lucertini E;Caruso D;Laghi A;Laurino F
2021

Abstract

Background: The purpose of our study is to assess the short-term technical success and the safety of the Indigo System in a series of patients undergoing vacuum-assisted catheter direct thrombus aspiration (IS-CDTA) for acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI) and to evaluate which parameters may affect the outcome. Methods: All procedures using the IS-CDTA for ALLI, performed in a single-centre Interventional Radiology Unit from February 2016 to March 2020, were retrospectively analysed. Technical success was defined as the achievement of nearly-complete or complete revascularization (TIPI grade 2/3) and considered as a good outcome. Variables potentially correlated with the IS-CDTA outcome were analysed. Results: 33 procedures were performed in 29 patients. Mean age was 69 years old (range 47 - 88), 24 males (83%) and 5 females (18%). The technical success was 70%. Catheter-directed thrombolysis following IS-CDTA was performed in 23 cases and the overall technical success increased from 70% to 90%, afterwards. The median time between symptoms insurgency and IS-CDTA was significantly shorter in patients with good outcome (10 hours; IQR 2.75-48) compared to those with poor outcome (168 hours; IQR 36-336) (P = 0.003). No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups regarding ATK vs. BTK (P = 0.34), native vessel vs. graft (P = 0.25), occlusion nature P = 0.28) or Rutherford score (P = 0.80). Conclusion: IS-CDTA is a valid option for a rapid and percutaneous treatment of ALLI. Our experience indicates that the time elapsing from the symptoms insurgency and the endovascular procedure is the best positive predictor of the outcome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1580792
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