We use a multiconfigurational and correlated ab initio method to investigate the fundamental electronic properties of the peroxide MO2– (M = Li and Na) trimer to provide new insights into the rather complex chemistry of aprotic metal–O2 batteries. These electrochemical systems are largely based on the electronic properties of superoxide and peroxide of alkali metals. The two compounds differ by stoichiometry: the superoxide is characterized by a M+O2– formula, while the peroxide is characterized by [M+]2O22–. We show here that both the peroxide and superoxide states necessarily coexist in the MO2– trimer and that they correspond to their different electronic states. The energetic prevalence of either one or the other and the range of their coexistence over a subset of the MO2– nuclear configurations is calculated and described via a high-level multiconfigurational approach.

Study of the Electronic Structure of Alkali Peroxides and Their Role in the Chemistry of Metal–Oxygen Batteries / Pierini, Adriano; Brutti, Sergio; Bodo, Enrico. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. A, MOLECULES, SPECTROSCOPY, KINETICS, ENVIRONMENT, & GENERAL THEORY. - ISSN 1089-5639. - 125(2021), pp. 9368-9376. [10.1021/acs.jpca.1c07255]

Study of the Electronic Structure of Alkali Peroxides and Their Role in the Chemistry of Metal–Oxygen Batteries

Pierini, Adriano;Brutti, Sergio;Bodo, Enrico
2021

Abstract

We use a multiconfigurational and correlated ab initio method to investigate the fundamental electronic properties of the peroxide MO2– (M = Li and Na) trimer to provide new insights into the rather complex chemistry of aprotic metal–O2 batteries. These electrochemical systems are largely based on the electronic properties of superoxide and peroxide of alkali metals. The two compounds differ by stoichiometry: the superoxide is characterized by a M+O2– formula, while the peroxide is characterized by [M+]2O22–. We show here that both the peroxide and superoxide states necessarily coexist in the MO2– trimer and that they correspond to their different electronic states. The energetic prevalence of either one or the other and the range of their coexistence over a subset of the MO2– nuclear configurations is calculated and described via a high-level multiconfigurational approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1580685
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