This study aimed at investigating both the surface and bulk modifications occurring on fibrous erionite during leaching in a mimicked Gamble's solution (MGS) at pH of 4.5 and T = 37 degrees C, up to one month of incubation. Samples were characterized by a multi-analytical approach: field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) was employed to investigate the morphological changes of both pristine and reacted fibres, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was used to measure the concentration of the released cations; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was exploited for highlighting possible modifications of surface chemistry; X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) were applied aiming to get information on the structural state of the fibres following the incubation. ICP results integrated with those obtained by both bulk- and surface-chemical characterization highlighted that erionite binds Na especially in the first 24 h of sample incubation in the MGS, following ion exchange with the extra framework cations, in particular Ca. Moreover, our new results show that the Na binding process caused structural modifications with the migration of Na toward the Ca2 site and redistribution of the cations within the erionite cage. TEM investigation pointed out that the interaction between erionite and MGS results in the formation of a new surface amorphous layer with an irregular lobate pattern on an earlier surface weathered layer. However, the silicate framework is not weakened by incubation in the MGS at acidic pH. In addition, on the basis of the Si release normalized to the mineral surface area, fibrous erionite resulted significantly more biodurable than amphibole asbestos. Notably, considering the primary role played by biodurability in inducing pathogenicity, this result certainly supports in vivo observations showing that erionite is much more tumorigenic than asbestos. Moreover, the ions released by erionite when immersed in MGS may trigger biological effects, such as those on lipid packing and membrane permeability. On this basis, we expect a regulatory definition that would provide protection from this carcinogenic fibre.

Surface and bulk modifications of fibrous Erionite in mimicked Gamble’s solution at acidic pH / Pacella, Alessandro; Ballirano, Paolo; Fantauzzi, Marzia; Rossi, Antonella; Viti, Cecilia; Arrizza, Lorenzo; Nardi, Elisa; Caprioli, Raffaela; Montereali, Maria Rita. - In: MINERALS. - ISSN 2075-163X. - 11:9(2021). [10.3390/min11090914]

Surface and bulk modifications of fibrous Erionite in mimicked Gamble’s solution at acidic pH

Pacella, Alessandro
Conceptualization
;
Ballirano, Paolo
Supervision
;
2021

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating both the surface and bulk modifications occurring on fibrous erionite during leaching in a mimicked Gamble's solution (MGS) at pH of 4.5 and T = 37 degrees C, up to one month of incubation. Samples were characterized by a multi-analytical approach: field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) was employed to investigate the morphological changes of both pristine and reacted fibres, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was used to measure the concentration of the released cations; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was exploited for highlighting possible modifications of surface chemistry; X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) were applied aiming to get information on the structural state of the fibres following the incubation. ICP results integrated with those obtained by both bulk- and surface-chemical characterization highlighted that erionite binds Na especially in the first 24 h of sample incubation in the MGS, following ion exchange with the extra framework cations, in particular Ca. Moreover, our new results show that the Na binding process caused structural modifications with the migration of Na toward the Ca2 site and redistribution of the cations within the erionite cage. TEM investigation pointed out that the interaction between erionite and MGS results in the formation of a new surface amorphous layer with an irregular lobate pattern on an earlier surface weathered layer. However, the silicate framework is not weakened by incubation in the MGS at acidic pH. In addition, on the basis of the Si release normalized to the mineral surface area, fibrous erionite resulted significantly more biodurable than amphibole asbestos. Notably, considering the primary role played by biodurability in inducing pathogenicity, this result certainly supports in vivo observations showing that erionite is much more tumorigenic than asbestos. Moreover, the ions released by erionite when immersed in MGS may trigger biological effects, such as those on lipid packing and membrane permeability. On this basis, we expect a regulatory definition that would provide protection from this carcinogenic fibre.
2021
fibrous erionite; fibre dissolution; cation exchange; Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES); X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS); Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM); X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRPD)
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Surface and bulk modifications of fibrous Erionite in mimicked Gamble’s solution at acidic pH / Pacella, Alessandro; Ballirano, Paolo; Fantauzzi, Marzia; Rossi, Antonella; Viti, Cecilia; Arrizza, Lorenzo; Nardi, Elisa; Caprioli, Raffaela; Montereali, Maria Rita. - In: MINERALS. - ISSN 2075-163X. - 11:9(2021). [10.3390/min11090914]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1579591
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