Objective: To test the hypothesis that intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) variability depends on the ability to engage specific neurons in the primary motor cortex (M1). Methods: In a sham-controlled interventional study on 31 healthy volunteers, we used concomitant transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG). We compared baseline motor evoked potentials (MEPs), M1 iTBS-evoked EEG oscillations, and resting-state EEG (rsEEG) between subjects who did and did not show MEP facilitation following iTBS. We also investigated whether baseline MEP and iTBS-evoked EEG oscillations could explain inter and intraindividual variability in iTBS aftereffects. Results: The facilitation group had smaller baseline MEPs than the no-facilitation group and showed more iTBS-evoked EEG oscillation synchronization in the alpha and beta frequency bands. Resting-state EEG power was similar between groups and iTBS had a similar non-significant effect on rsEEG in both groups. Baseline MEP amplitude and beta iTBS-evoked EEG oscillation power explained both inter and intraindividual variability in MEP modulation following iTBS. Conclusions: The results show that variability in iTBS-associated plasticity depends on baseline corticospinal excitability and on the ability of iTBS to engage M1 beta oscillations. Significance: These observations can be used to optimize iTBS investigational and therapeutic applications.

Cortical mechanisms underlying variability in intermittent theta-burst stimulation-induced plasticity: A TMS-EEG study / Leodori, G.; Fabbrini, A.; De Bartolo, M. I.; Costanzo, M.; Asci, F.; Palma, V.; Belvisi, D.; Conte, A.; Berardelli, A.. - In: CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1388-2457. - 132:10(2021), pp. 2519-2531. [10.1016/j.clinph.2021.06.021]

Cortical mechanisms underlying variability in intermittent theta-burst stimulation-induced plasticity: A TMS-EEG study

Leodori G.;Fabbrini A.;De Bartolo M. I.;Costanzo M.;Asci F.;Palma V.;Belvisi D.;Conte A.;Berardelli A.
2021

Abstract

Objective: To test the hypothesis that intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) variability depends on the ability to engage specific neurons in the primary motor cortex (M1). Methods: In a sham-controlled interventional study on 31 healthy volunteers, we used concomitant transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG). We compared baseline motor evoked potentials (MEPs), M1 iTBS-evoked EEG oscillations, and resting-state EEG (rsEEG) between subjects who did and did not show MEP facilitation following iTBS. We also investigated whether baseline MEP and iTBS-evoked EEG oscillations could explain inter and intraindividual variability in iTBS aftereffects. Results: The facilitation group had smaller baseline MEPs than the no-facilitation group and showed more iTBS-evoked EEG oscillation synchronization in the alpha and beta frequency bands. Resting-state EEG power was similar between groups and iTBS had a similar non-significant effect on rsEEG in both groups. Baseline MEP amplitude and beta iTBS-evoked EEG oscillation power explained both inter and intraindividual variability in MEP modulation following iTBS. Conclusions: The results show that variability in iTBS-associated plasticity depends on baseline corticospinal excitability and on the ability of iTBS to engage M1 beta oscillations. Significance: These observations can be used to optimize iTBS investigational and therapeutic applications.
2021
Beta oscillations; iTBS; Motor cortex; Plasticity; TMS-EEG; Variability
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cortical mechanisms underlying variability in intermittent theta-burst stimulation-induced plasticity: A TMS-EEG study / Leodori, G.; Fabbrini, A.; De Bartolo, M. I.; Costanzo, M.; Asci, F.; Palma, V.; Belvisi, D.; Conte, A.; Berardelli, A.. - In: CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1388-2457. - 132:10(2021), pp. 2519-2531. [10.1016/j.clinph.2021.06.021]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1579386
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