Background: The primary aim of this study was to confirm the validity of intraoperative lung ultrasound (ILU) as a safe and effective method of localization for difficult to visualize pulmonary nodules during Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) and open thoracotomy. The secondary aim was to enhance knowledge on the morphological patterns of presentation of pulmonary nodules on direct ultrasound examination. Materials and methods: 131 patients with lung nodule and indication for surgery were enrolled. All patients underwent pre-operative imaging of the chest, including Chest Computed Tomography (CT) and Transthoracic Ultrasound (TUS), and surgical procedures for histological assessment of pulmonary nodules (VATS or open thoracotomy). Results: The identification of 100.00% of lung nodules was allowed by ILU, while the detection rate of digital palpation was 94.66%. It was not possible to associate any specific ILU echostructural pattern to both benign or malignant lesions. However, the actual histological margins of the lesions in the operating samples were corresponding to those visualized at ILU in 125/131 (95.42%) cases. No complications have been reported with ILU employment. Conclusions: In our experience, ILU performed during both open surgery and VATS demonstrated to be a reliable and safe method for visualization and localization of pulmonary nodules non previously assessed on digital palpation. In addition, ILU showed to allow a clear nodule's margins' definition matching, in most cases, with the actual histological margins.

Intraoperative lung ultrasound (ILU) for the assessment of pulmonary nodules / Taurchini, Marco; Quarato, Carla Maria Irene; Frongillo, Elisabetta Maria; Ferretti, Gian Maria; Cipriani, Cristiana; Bizzarri, Marco; Foschino Barbaro, Maria Pia; Lacedonia, Donato; Simeone, Annalisa; Graziano, Paolo; Dimitri, Lucia; Maiello, Evaristo; Cavaliere, Lucio; De Cosmo, Salvatore; Sperandeo, Marco. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:9(2021). [10.3390/diagnostics11091691]

Intraoperative lung ultrasound (ILU) for the assessment of pulmonary nodules

Cipriani, Cristiana;
2021

Abstract

Background: The primary aim of this study was to confirm the validity of intraoperative lung ultrasound (ILU) as a safe and effective method of localization for difficult to visualize pulmonary nodules during Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) and open thoracotomy. The secondary aim was to enhance knowledge on the morphological patterns of presentation of pulmonary nodules on direct ultrasound examination. Materials and methods: 131 patients with lung nodule and indication for surgery were enrolled. All patients underwent pre-operative imaging of the chest, including Chest Computed Tomography (CT) and Transthoracic Ultrasound (TUS), and surgical procedures for histological assessment of pulmonary nodules (VATS or open thoracotomy). Results: The identification of 100.00% of lung nodules was allowed by ILU, while the detection rate of digital palpation was 94.66%. It was not possible to associate any specific ILU echostructural pattern to both benign or malignant lesions. However, the actual histological margins of the lesions in the operating samples were corresponding to those visualized at ILU in 125/131 (95.42%) cases. No complications have been reported with ILU employment. Conclusions: In our experience, ILU performed during both open surgery and VATS demonstrated to be a reliable and safe method for visualization and localization of pulmonary nodules non previously assessed on digital palpation. In addition, ILU showed to allow a clear nodule's margins' definition matching, in most cases, with the actual histological margins.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1577655
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