Purpose: To describe the efficacy and safety of topography-guided trans-epithelial no-touch photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for the correction of highly irregular astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty (PK).Patients and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 12 eyes of 12 patients affected by highly irregular astigmatism after PK for keratoconus. Each patient underwent a single-step topography-guided trans-epithelial ablation (CIPTA (R) 2 software, iVis Technologies). Corneal topography data as well as uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and spherical equivalent (SEQ) were collected preoperatively (T0) and at 1 (T1), 3 (T2) and 12 (T3) months after surgery.Results: Mean UDVA and CDVA significantly improved, respectively, from 1.22 +/- 0.17 and 0.18 +/- 0.03LogMAR at T0 to 0.63 +/- 0.17 (CI 95%, P<0.001) and 0.04 +/- 0.03LogMAR at T3 (CI 95%, P<0.001). Mean SEQ significantly decreased from -3.75 +/- 1.32 to -1.60 +/- 1.32D (CI 95%, P<0.02). Mean subjective refractive astigmatism (SRAST) and mean keratometry astigmatism (SimK) significantly decreased, respectively, from 7.83 +/- 0.98 and 8.10 +/- 1.48D to 2.83 +/- 0.98 and 5.29 +/- 1.48D (CI 95%, P<0.001). Corneal Morphological Irregularity index (CMI) significantly decreased from 62.76 +/- 7.26 mu m to 23.24 +/- 7.26 mu m (CI 95%, P<0.001). Apart from a single episode of graft rejection 5 days after ablation, successfully reverted with topical steroids, no other complications were noted. A mild corneal haze was observed in two eyes (16.7%) at 3 months post-PRK, and no regression was observed at 12 months.Conclusion: Our study demonstrates the safety and long-term effectiveness of a trans-epithelial topography-guided ablation in the treatment of post-PK highly irregular astigmatism.

Topography-guided trans-epithelial no-touch photorefractive keratectomy for high irregular astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty: a prospective 12-months follow-up / Spadea, Leopoldo; Visioli, Giacomo; Mastromarino, Davide; Alexander, Shehani; Pistella, Santino. - In: THERAPEUTICS AND CLINICAL RISK MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 1176-6336. - 17:(2021), pp. 1027-1035. [10.2147/TCRM.S329932]

Topography-guided trans-epithelial no-touch photorefractive keratectomy for high irregular astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty: a prospective 12-months follow-up

Spadea, Leopoldo
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Visioli, Giacomo
Secondo
;
Mastromarino, Davide;Alexander, Shehani
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the efficacy and safety of topography-guided trans-epithelial no-touch photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for the correction of highly irregular astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty (PK).Patients and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 12 eyes of 12 patients affected by highly irregular astigmatism after PK for keratoconus. Each patient underwent a single-step topography-guided trans-epithelial ablation (CIPTA (R) 2 software, iVis Technologies). Corneal topography data as well as uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and spherical equivalent (SEQ) were collected preoperatively (T0) and at 1 (T1), 3 (T2) and 12 (T3) months after surgery.Results: Mean UDVA and CDVA significantly improved, respectively, from 1.22 +/- 0.17 and 0.18 +/- 0.03LogMAR at T0 to 0.63 +/- 0.17 (CI 95%, P<0.001) and 0.04 +/- 0.03LogMAR at T3 (CI 95%, P<0.001). Mean SEQ significantly decreased from -3.75 +/- 1.32 to -1.60 +/- 1.32D (CI 95%, P<0.02). Mean subjective refractive astigmatism (SRAST) and mean keratometry astigmatism (SimK) significantly decreased, respectively, from 7.83 +/- 0.98 and 8.10 +/- 1.48D to 2.83 +/- 0.98 and 5.29 +/- 1.48D (CI 95%, P<0.001). Corneal Morphological Irregularity index (CMI) significantly decreased from 62.76 +/- 7.26 mu m to 23.24 +/- 7.26 mu m (CI 95%, P<0.001). Apart from a single episode of graft rejection 5 days after ablation, successfully reverted with topical steroids, no other complications were noted. A mild corneal haze was observed in two eyes (16.7%) at 3 months post-PRK, and no regression was observed at 12 months.Conclusion: Our study demonstrates the safety and long-term effectiveness of a trans-epithelial topography-guided ablation in the treatment of post-PK highly irregular astigmatism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1577558
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