Severely atrophic alveolar ridges represent a great challenge for implant-prosthetic rehabilitations. The aim of this study was to clinically and histologically evaluate horizontal and vertical bone gain, as well as implant survival/success rate after guided bone regeneration (GBR) for the reconstruction of large bone defects. Fourteen subjects (7 males and 7 females; mean age: 48.9 ± 14.1) were enrolled in the study. They were selected according to specific inclusion criteria and all patients required GBR procedures for placing implants in severe atrophic jaws (bone height ≤6 mm). Guided bone regeneration was performed using dense polytetrafluoroethylene nonresorbable titanium-reinforced membranes associated with particulate heterologous bone grafts. Implant placement was performed 6 months after surgery at the same time as the removal of the membrane. Furthermore, a biopsy sample from the grafted sites was collected to conduct a histological analysis of the regenerated bone. Forty-seven dental implants were placed and followed up after prosthetic loading. Seventeen sites, 8 in the maxilla and 9 in the mandible, were suitable for the GBR procedure. The healing period was uneventful in 13 sites. The average value of vertical bone regeneration was 5.88 ± 1.17 mm. Postloading follow-up ranged from 24 to 59 months. During the follow-up, clinical and radiographic exams showed no significant bone resorption and, in each case, the criteria for implants' survival were respected with no signs of any complications. Histological analysis of the bone biopsy samples revealed residual graft particulate in close contact with newly formed bone. Guided bone regeneration is a reliable technique for reconstruction of severe atrophic ridges. Larger long-term follow-up studies are needed to evaluate the condition of the bone grafted over time and its ability to support functional loading of the implants.

A retrospective analysis of treatment outcomes following guided bone regeneration at sites exhibiting severe alveolar ridge atrophy / Di Carlo, S; Ciolfi, A; Grasso, E; Pranno, N; De Angelis, F; Di Gioia, C; Jedliński, M; Tornese, A; Lomelo, P; Brauner, E.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1049-2275. - 6:32(2021), pp. e572-e578. [10.1097/SCS.0000000000007735]

A retrospective analysis of treatment outcomes following guided bone regeneration at sites exhibiting severe alveolar ridge atrophy

Di Carlo S
Primo
;
Pranno N;De Angelis F;Di Gioia C;Tornese A;Brauner E.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Severely atrophic alveolar ridges represent a great challenge for implant-prosthetic rehabilitations. The aim of this study was to clinically and histologically evaluate horizontal and vertical bone gain, as well as implant survival/success rate after guided bone regeneration (GBR) for the reconstruction of large bone defects. Fourteen subjects (7 males and 7 females; mean age: 48.9 ± 14.1) were enrolled in the study. They were selected according to specific inclusion criteria and all patients required GBR procedures for placing implants in severe atrophic jaws (bone height ≤6 mm). Guided bone regeneration was performed using dense polytetrafluoroethylene nonresorbable titanium-reinforced membranes associated with particulate heterologous bone grafts. Implant placement was performed 6 months after surgery at the same time as the removal of the membrane. Furthermore, a biopsy sample from the grafted sites was collected to conduct a histological analysis of the regenerated bone. Forty-seven dental implants were placed and followed up after prosthetic loading. Seventeen sites, 8 in the maxilla and 9 in the mandible, were suitable for the GBR procedure. The healing period was uneventful in 13 sites. The average value of vertical bone regeneration was 5.88 ± 1.17 mm. Postloading follow-up ranged from 24 to 59 months. During the follow-up, clinical and radiographic exams showed no significant bone resorption and, in each case, the criteria for implants' survival were respected with no signs of any complications. Histological analysis of the bone biopsy samples revealed residual graft particulate in close contact with newly formed bone. Guided bone regeneration is a reliable technique for reconstruction of severe atrophic ridges. Larger long-term follow-up studies are needed to evaluate the condition of the bone grafted over time and its ability to support functional loading of the implants.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1577411
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