At the end of the 90s in Europe, the new psychoactive substances (NPS) phenomenon was limited to a small number of molecules created to mimic the actions and psychoactive effects of licensed medicines and existing drugs that are controlled by the United Nations drug conventions and therefore traded as their “legal” replacements. NPS were mostly circulating in rave parties and electronic music festivals. The globalization, the evolution of e-commerce and the growing popularity of NPS, facilitated the development of a wide illegal market in constant expansion. The dynamic nature of this phenomenon has led to an evolution in the prevention and monitoring of NPS trafficking within the European Union. The European legislative system has been amended with the aim of creating a faster and more effective regulatory system to tackle NPS diffusion and ban their sale and circulation. At the end of 2008, in compliance with the European Council Decision 2005/387/JHA, the Anti-Drug Policies Department of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers activated the National Early Warning System to promote a rapid exchange of information on NPS between Italy and the EU.

The complex and constantly evolving public health threat of new psychoactive substances in Italy: addressing the main functions of a national observatory of drugs / Graziano, S.; Zaami, S.; Tittarelli, R.; Pichini, S.; Sciotti, M.; Berretta, P.; Busardo, F. P.; Marinelli, E.; Tini, A.; Scaravaggi, G.; Buscaglia, E.; Brambilla, E.; Cavallo, M.; Locatelli, C. A.; Pacifici, R.; Vari, M. R.. - In: ANNALI DELL'ISTITUTO SUPERIORE DI SANITÀ. - ISSN 0021-2571. - 57:2(2021), pp. 144-150. [10.4415/ANN_21_02_06]

The complex and constantly evolving public health threat of new psychoactive substances in Italy: addressing the main functions of a national observatory of drugs

Graziano S.
Primo
;
Zaami S.
Secondo
;
Tittarelli R.;Marinelli E.;Tini A.;Locatelli C. A.
Ultimo
;
2021

Abstract

At the end of the 90s in Europe, the new psychoactive substances (NPS) phenomenon was limited to a small number of molecules created to mimic the actions and psychoactive effects of licensed medicines and existing drugs that are controlled by the United Nations drug conventions and therefore traded as their “legal” replacements. NPS were mostly circulating in rave parties and electronic music festivals. The globalization, the evolution of e-commerce and the growing popularity of NPS, facilitated the development of a wide illegal market in constant expansion. The dynamic nature of this phenomenon has led to an evolution in the prevention and monitoring of NPS trafficking within the European Union. The European legislative system has been amended with the aim of creating a faster and more effective regulatory system to tackle NPS diffusion and ban their sale and circulation. At the end of 2008, in compliance with the European Council Decision 2005/387/JHA, the Anti-Drug Policies Department of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers activated the National Early Warning System to promote a rapid exchange of information on NPS between Italy and the EU.
early warning system; italy; NPS; psychoactive drug
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The complex and constantly evolving public health threat of new psychoactive substances in Italy: addressing the main functions of a national observatory of drugs / Graziano, S.; Zaami, S.; Tittarelli, R.; Pichini, S.; Sciotti, M.; Berretta, P.; Busardo, F. P.; Marinelli, E.; Tini, A.; Scaravaggi, G.; Buscaglia, E.; Brambilla, E.; Cavallo, M.; Locatelli, C. A.; Pacifici, R.; Vari, M. R.. - In: ANNALI DELL'ISTITUTO SUPERIORE DI SANITÀ. - ISSN 0021-2571. - 57:2(2021), pp. 144-150. [10.4415/ANN_21_02_06]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Graziano_Complex_2021.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 161.79 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
161.79 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1577241
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact