The Mt. Gorzano Fault (MGF) is a major seismically active extensional fault of the central Apennines, responsible for the destructive Mw 6.0 Amatrice earthquake in 2016. The MGF developed during post-orogenic extensional tectonics, generating a continental basin in the hanging wall. The age of the onset of the MGF and the relationship among faulting, fluid circulation, and the seismic cycles are unknown. We investigate these issues by studying the footwall damage zone of the MGF (exhumed from ~2-3 km depth), where extensional structures and related mineralizations cut and partially overprint the pre-existing compressional orogenic fabric. Structural and geochemical analyses (REE, O, C and clumped isotopes) combined with U-Pb dating of calcite mineralizations show that extensional deformation along the MGF began at least ~2.5 Myr ago. Its activity has continued to the present-day with a mean slip rate of ~0.9 mm/yr, consistent with other seismically active extensional faults of the central Apennines. During Apennine contractional tectonics, orogenic structures and tectonic overburden hindered the ascent of deep fluids, which, therefore, may have been progressively overpressured. We postulate that such overpressure occasionally or cyclically triggered impulsive deformation (earthquakes). During the subsequent extensional phase (younger ~2.5 Ma), pre- or co-seismic crustal dilation opened pathways for the ascent of deep mineralizing fluids, which impregnated the fault damage zone and may have triggered earthquakes. The crustal reservoir of carbonate-rich fluids nowadays is the source of water for the Acquasanta thermal springs close to the Mt. Gorzano seismic area.

U-Pb age of the 2016 Amatrice earthquake causative fault (Mt. Gorzano, Italy) and paleo-fluid circulation during seismic cycles inferred from inter- and co-seismic calcite / Curzi, M.; Bernasconi, S. M.; Billi, A.; Boschi, C.; Aldega, L.; Franchini, S.; Albert, R.; Gerdes, A.; Barberio, M. D.; Looser, N.; Carminati, E.. - In: TECTONOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0040-1951. - 819:(2021). [10.1016/j.tecto.2021.229076]

U-Pb age of the 2016 Amatrice earthquake causative fault (Mt. Gorzano, Italy) and paleo-fluid circulation during seismic cycles inferred from inter- and co-seismic calcite

Curzi M.
;
Billi A.;Aldega L.;Franchini S.;Barberio M. D.;Carminati E.
2021

Abstract

The Mt. Gorzano Fault (MGF) is a major seismically active extensional fault of the central Apennines, responsible for the destructive Mw 6.0 Amatrice earthquake in 2016. The MGF developed during post-orogenic extensional tectonics, generating a continental basin in the hanging wall. The age of the onset of the MGF and the relationship among faulting, fluid circulation, and the seismic cycles are unknown. We investigate these issues by studying the footwall damage zone of the MGF (exhumed from ~2-3 km depth), where extensional structures and related mineralizations cut and partially overprint the pre-existing compressional orogenic fabric. Structural and geochemical analyses (REE, O, C and clumped isotopes) combined with U-Pb dating of calcite mineralizations show that extensional deformation along the MGF began at least ~2.5 Myr ago. Its activity has continued to the present-day with a mean slip rate of ~0.9 mm/yr, consistent with other seismically active extensional faults of the central Apennines. During Apennine contractional tectonics, orogenic structures and tectonic overburden hindered the ascent of deep fluids, which, therefore, may have been progressively overpressured. We postulate that such overpressure occasionally or cyclically triggered impulsive deformation (earthquakes). During the subsequent extensional phase (younger ~2.5 Ma), pre- or co-seismic crustal dilation opened pathways for the ascent of deep mineralizing fluids, which impregnated the fault damage zone and may have triggered earthquakes. The crustal reservoir of carbonate-rich fluids nowadays is the source of water for the Acquasanta thermal springs close to the Mt. Gorzano seismic area.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Curzi_U-Pb age_2021.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 18.75 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
18.75 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1576908
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact