A well-preserved Pompeiian-type millstone fragment was retrieved from the chance discovery of Roman ovens dating to the V-VI century BCE in the area of Santa Arabona Manoppello in Italy. This is the first evidence of an hourglass millstone in Abruzzo. This fragment was analyzed through petrography, geochemistry, statistical analyses, and radiogenic isotopes at the University G. d’Annunzio. The source location of the stones was narrowed down to the areas of Etna, Roccamonfina, and Vulsini due to the petrography, geochemistry, and statistical data elaboration of leuicititic and basaltic rocks from Central Italy and Sicily. The accurate identification of the provenance of the stone used to produce the millstone results in a better understanding of commercial trade routes and Roman entrepreneurship throughout Italy. The correlation between the production site and its stones’ dispersion throughout the Roman Empire is of great interest for understanding the vast network of Roman roads, their manageability of commerce, and the organization of their products to the outlying areas of their Empire and in the case of this discovery, specifically to the area of Abruzzo Italy.

Archaeometry of a Roman millstone from Santa Maria Arabona, Manoppello (Abruzzo, central Italy) / Falcone, F.; Dionisio, A.; Castorina, F.; Tufo, A.; Francis, R. E.; Stoppa, F.. - In: MINERALS. - ISSN 2075-163X. - 11:9(2021). [10.3390/min11090948]

Archaeometry of a Roman millstone from Santa Maria Arabona, Manoppello (Abruzzo, central Italy)

Castorina F.
Data Curation
;
2021

Abstract

A well-preserved Pompeiian-type millstone fragment was retrieved from the chance discovery of Roman ovens dating to the V-VI century BCE in the area of Santa Arabona Manoppello in Italy. This is the first evidence of an hourglass millstone in Abruzzo. This fragment was analyzed through petrography, geochemistry, statistical analyses, and radiogenic isotopes at the University G. d’Annunzio. The source location of the stones was narrowed down to the areas of Etna, Roccamonfina, and Vulsini due to the petrography, geochemistry, and statistical data elaboration of leuicititic and basaltic rocks from Central Italy and Sicily. The accurate identification of the provenance of the stone used to produce the millstone results in a better understanding of commercial trade routes and Roman entrepreneurship throughout Italy. The correlation between the production site and its stones’ dispersion throughout the Roman Empire is of great interest for understanding the vast network of Roman roads, their manageability of commerce, and the organization of their products to the outlying areas of their Empire and in the case of this discovery, specifically to the area of Abruzzo Italy.
Archaeometry; rock-source; Roman hourglass mills; statistical analysis; trade routes
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Archaeometry of a Roman millstone from Santa Maria Arabona, Manoppello (Abruzzo, central Italy) / Falcone, F.; Dionisio, A.; Castorina, F.; Tufo, A.; Francis, R. E.; Stoppa, F.. - In: MINERALS. - ISSN 2075-163X. - 11:9(2021). [10.3390/min11090948]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1576883
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