Introduction: Physicians have largely studied the cutaneous involvement of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but only few reports have focused on telogen effluvium (TE) as a possible sequela of COVID-19. We assessed 14 cases of hair loss occurring after SARS-CoV-2 infection using trichoscopy and trichogram to investigate patterns related to COVID-19. Furthermore, we discussed possible mechanisms involved in COVID-19 TE. Case Presentation: Fourteen individuals were referred to our post-COVID-19 dermatology office complaining acute hair loss after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Clinical evaluation included pull test, trichoscopy, and trichogram. CO-VID-19 TE occurred after a median of 2 months (range 1-3 months) following SARS-CoV-2 infection. The median duration of hair loss was 5 months (range 1-6 months). Trichoscopy showed variable but typical TE patterns. Trichogram showed different telogen/anagen ratio depending on the interval between onset of hair loss and trichological visit. Discussion/Conclusion: Our cases showed TE between 1 and 3 months after the onset of SARS-CoV-2 infection, thus earlier than classic TE. Trichoscopic features and trichogram showed no variations from classic TE. Different pathogenetic mechanisms including pro-inflammatory cytokines and direct viral damage on the hair follicle can be hypothesized; further studies on a larger sample are needed to better understand this condition.

Telogen effluvium after SARS-CoV-2 Infection. a series of cases and possible pathogenetic mechanisms / Rossi, Alfredo; Magri, F.; Sernicola, A.; Michelini, Simone; Caro, G.; Muscianese, M.; Di Fraia, Marco; Chello, C.; Fortuna, M. C.; Grieco, T.. - In: SKIN APPENDAGE DISORDERS. - ISSN 2296-9195. - 7:5(2021), pp. 377-381. [10.1159/000517223]

Telogen effluvium after SARS-CoV-2 Infection. a series of cases and possible pathogenetic mechanisms

Rossi Alfredo;Magri F.;Sernicola A.
;
Michelini Simone;Caro G.;Muscianese M.;Di Fraia Marco;Chello C.;Fortuna M. C.;Grieco T.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Physicians have largely studied the cutaneous involvement of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but only few reports have focused on telogen effluvium (TE) as a possible sequela of COVID-19. We assessed 14 cases of hair loss occurring after SARS-CoV-2 infection using trichoscopy and trichogram to investigate patterns related to COVID-19. Furthermore, we discussed possible mechanisms involved in COVID-19 TE. Case Presentation: Fourteen individuals were referred to our post-COVID-19 dermatology office complaining acute hair loss after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Clinical evaluation included pull test, trichoscopy, and trichogram. CO-VID-19 TE occurred after a median of 2 months (range 1-3 months) following SARS-CoV-2 infection. The median duration of hair loss was 5 months (range 1-6 months). Trichoscopy showed variable but typical TE patterns. Trichogram showed different telogen/anagen ratio depending on the interval between onset of hair loss and trichological visit. Discussion/Conclusion: Our cases showed TE between 1 and 3 months after the onset of SARS-CoV-2 infection, thus earlier than classic TE. Trichoscopic features and trichogram showed no variations from classic TE. Different pathogenetic mechanisms including pro-inflammatory cytokines and direct viral damage on the hair follicle can be hypothesized; further studies on a larger sample are needed to better understand this condition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1576064
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