The changes upon methanol (MeOH) addition in the structural arrangement of the highly eco-friendly deep eutectic solvent (DES) formed by choline chloride (ChCl) and sesamol in 1:3 molar ratio have been studied by means of attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SWAXS), and molecular dynamics simulations. The introduction of MeOH into the DES promotes the increase of the number of Cl–MeOH hydrogen bonds (HBs) through the replacement of sesamol and choline molecules from the chloride anion coordination sphere. This effect does not promote the sesamol–sesamol, choline–choline, and sesamol–choline interactions, which remain as negligible as in the pure DES. Differently, the displaced sesamol and choline molecules are solvated by MeOH, which also forms HBs with other MeOH molecules, so that the system arranges itself to keep the overall amount of HBs maximized. SWAXS measurements show that this mechanism is predominant up to MeOH/DES molar ratios of 20–24, while after this ratio value, the scattering profile is progressively diluted in the cosolvent background and decreases toward the signal of pure MeOH. The ability of MeOH to interplay with all of the DES components produces mixtures with neither segregation of the components at nanoscale lengths nor macroscopic phase separation even for high MeOH contents. These findings have important implications for application purposes since the understanding of the pseudophase aggregates formed by a DES with a dispersing cosolvent can help in addressing an efficient extraction procedure.

Fate of a deep eutectic solvent upon cosolvent addition: choline chloride-sesamol 1:3 mixtures with methanol / Busato, Matteo; Del Giudice, Alessandra; Di Lisio, Valerio; Tomai, Pierpaolo; Migliorati, Valentina; Gentili, Alessandra; Martinelli, Andrea; D'Angelo, Paola. - In: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2168-0485. - 9:36(2021), pp. 12252-12261. [10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c03809]

Fate of a deep eutectic solvent upon cosolvent addition: choline chloride-sesamol 1:3 mixtures with methanol

Busato, Matteo;Del Giudice, Alessandra;Di Lisio, Valerio;Tomai, Pierpaolo;Migliorati, Valentina;Gentili, Alessandra;Martinelli, Andrea;D'Angelo, Paola
2021

Abstract

The changes upon methanol (MeOH) addition in the structural arrangement of the highly eco-friendly deep eutectic solvent (DES) formed by choline chloride (ChCl) and sesamol in 1:3 molar ratio have been studied by means of attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SWAXS), and molecular dynamics simulations. The introduction of MeOH into the DES promotes the increase of the number of Cl–MeOH hydrogen bonds (HBs) through the replacement of sesamol and choline molecules from the chloride anion coordination sphere. This effect does not promote the sesamol–sesamol, choline–choline, and sesamol–choline interactions, which remain as negligible as in the pure DES. Differently, the displaced sesamol and choline molecules are solvated by MeOH, which also forms HBs with other MeOH molecules, so that the system arranges itself to keep the overall amount of HBs maximized. SWAXS measurements show that this mechanism is predominant up to MeOH/DES molar ratios of 20–24, while after this ratio value, the scattering profile is progressively diluted in the cosolvent background and decreases toward the signal of pure MeOH. The ability of MeOH to interplay with all of the DES components produces mixtures with neither segregation of the components at nanoscale lengths nor macroscopic phase separation even for high MeOH contents. These findings have important implications for application purposes since the understanding of the pseudophase aggregates formed by a DES with a dispersing cosolvent can help in addressing an efficient extraction procedure.
2021
choline chloride; deep eutectic solvents; FTIR spectroscopy; low-transition temperature mixtures; methanol; molecular dynamics; sesamol; X-ray scattering
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Fate of a deep eutectic solvent upon cosolvent addition: choline chloride-sesamol 1:3 mixtures with methanol / Busato, Matteo; Del Giudice, Alessandra; Di Lisio, Valerio; Tomai, Pierpaolo; Migliorati, Valentina; Gentili, Alessandra; Martinelli, Andrea; D'Angelo, Paola. - In: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2168-0485. - 9:36(2021), pp. 12252-12261. [10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c03809]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1575748
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