Purpose: to evaluate the impact of bi- and 3-dimensional preoperative aortic morphological features and their immediate postoperative variations on the outcome of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) treated by endovascular exclusion with standard devices (EVAR). Materials and methods: Double centre retrospective analysis of prospectively collected registry data of EVAR patients. For all patients, preoperative and 30-day computed tomographic angiography images (CTA) were reviewed. Preoperative maximum AAA diameter >59 mm and volume >159 cm3, and any 30-day postoperative increasing at CTA, were considered as potentially influencing the outcome. The outcome measures were: primary technical success; 30-day, 1-year, and mean follow-up reintervention, all-cause and AAA-related mortality rates, and also endoleak-related reinterventions. Results: Three hundred and thrity-three patients were enrolled. Mean preoperative and 30-day AAA diameter and volume were 50.4 mm ± 11.8 vs. 49.1 mm ± 12.1, and 112.9 cm3 ± 79.5 vs. 112.1 cm3 ± 80.5, respectively. Primary technical success was achieved in all cases. At 34.9 months follow-up, cumulative reintervention rate was 12.0%, mortality rates 7.2%, without AAA-related deaths. Endoleak-related reintervention rate was 7.5%. At uni- and multi-variate analysis, preoperative AAA diameter >59 mm, and AAA volume >159 cm3 were significantly associated to reintervention (P = 0.012; P = 0.002), and reintervention and death (P = 0.002; P = 0.001) during follow-up. Additionally, any increase in postoperative AAA diameter or volume was significantly associated with reintervention (P = 0.001, P = 0.001) and reintervention and death (P = 0.006, P = 0.001). Endoleak-related reintervention were also significantly associated with all of the analysed morphological parameters (P = 0.019, P = 0.005, P = 0.005, and P = 0.002, respectively). Conclusions: Patients with larger baseline AAA size and volume as well as unfavourable early remodelling of the sac are associated to worse long-term EVAR outcome.

Comparison of outcomes following EVAR based on aneurysm diameter and volume and their postoperative variations / Montelione, Nunzio; Sirignano, Pasqualino; D'Adamo, Alessandro; Stilo, Francesco; Mansour, Wassim Ahmad; Capoccia, Laura; Nenna, Antonio; Spinelli, Francesco; Speziale, Francesco. - In: ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0890-5096. - (2021). [10.1016/j.avsg.2020.12.048]

Comparison of outcomes following EVAR based on aneurysm diameter and volume and their postoperative variations

Nunzio Montelione;Pasqualino Sirignano
Secondo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Alessandro d'Adamo;Wassim Mansour;Laura Capoccia;Francesco Speziale
Ultimo
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Purpose: to evaluate the impact of bi- and 3-dimensional preoperative aortic morphological features and their immediate postoperative variations on the outcome of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) treated by endovascular exclusion with standard devices (EVAR). Materials and methods: Double centre retrospective analysis of prospectively collected registry data of EVAR patients. For all patients, preoperative and 30-day computed tomographic angiography images (CTA) were reviewed. Preoperative maximum AAA diameter >59 mm and volume >159 cm3, and any 30-day postoperative increasing at CTA, were considered as potentially influencing the outcome. The outcome measures were: primary technical success; 30-day, 1-year, and mean follow-up reintervention, all-cause and AAA-related mortality rates, and also endoleak-related reinterventions. Results: Three hundred and thrity-three patients were enrolled. Mean preoperative and 30-day AAA diameter and volume were 50.4 mm ± 11.8 vs. 49.1 mm ± 12.1, and 112.9 cm3 ± 79.5 vs. 112.1 cm3 ± 80.5, respectively. Primary technical success was achieved in all cases. At 34.9 months follow-up, cumulative reintervention rate was 12.0%, mortality rates 7.2%, without AAA-related deaths. Endoleak-related reintervention rate was 7.5%. At uni- and multi-variate analysis, preoperative AAA diameter >59 mm, and AAA volume >159 cm3 were significantly associated to reintervention (P = 0.012; P = 0.002), and reintervention and death (P = 0.002; P = 0.001) during follow-up. Additionally, any increase in postoperative AAA diameter or volume was significantly associated with reintervention (P = 0.001, P = 0.001) and reintervention and death (P = 0.006, P = 0.001). Endoleak-related reintervention were also significantly associated with all of the analysed morphological parameters (P = 0.019, P = 0.005, P = 0.005, and P = 0.002, respectively). Conclusions: Patients with larger baseline AAA size and volume as well as unfavourable early remodelling of the sac are associated to worse long-term EVAR outcome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1573907
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