The remediation of petroleum-contaminated soil and groundwater is a challenging task. The petroleum hydrocarbons have a long persistence in both the vadose zone and in the aquifer and potentially represent secondary and residual sources of contamination. This is particularly evident in the presence of residual free-phase. Pump-and-treat is the most common hydrocarbon decontamination strategy. Besides, it acts primarily on the water dissolved phase and reduces concentrations of contaminants to an asymptotic trend. This study presents a case of enhanced light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) remediation monitored using noninvasive techniques. A pilot-scale field experiment was conducted through the injection of reagents into the subsoil to stimulate the desorption and the oxidation of residual hydrocarbons. Geophysical and groundwater monitoring during pilot testing controlled the effectiveness of the intervention, both in terms of product diffusion capacity and in terms of effective reduction of pollutant concentrations. In particular, non-invasive monitoring of the reagent migration and its capability to reach the target areas is a major add-on to the remediation technique. Most of the organic contaminants were decomposed, mobilized, and subsequently removed using physical recovery techniques. A considerable mass of contaminant was recovered resulting in the reduction of concentrations in the intervention areas.

A field-scale remediation of residual light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL). Chemical enhancers for pump and treat / Ciampi, P.; Esposito, C.; Cassiani, G.; Deidda, G. P.; Rizzetto, P.; Papini Petrangeli, M.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0944-1344. - 28:26(2021), pp. 35286-35296. [10.1007/s11356-021-14558-2]

A field-scale remediation of residual light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL). Chemical enhancers for pump and treat

Ciampi P.
;
Esposito C.;Papini Petrangeli M.
2021

Abstract

The remediation of petroleum-contaminated soil and groundwater is a challenging task. The petroleum hydrocarbons have a long persistence in both the vadose zone and in the aquifer and potentially represent secondary and residual sources of contamination. This is particularly evident in the presence of residual free-phase. Pump-and-treat is the most common hydrocarbon decontamination strategy. Besides, it acts primarily on the water dissolved phase and reduces concentrations of contaminants to an asymptotic trend. This study presents a case of enhanced light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) remediation monitored using noninvasive techniques. A pilot-scale field experiment was conducted through the injection of reagents into the subsoil to stimulate the desorption and the oxidation of residual hydrocarbons. Geophysical and groundwater monitoring during pilot testing controlled the effectiveness of the intervention, both in terms of product diffusion capacity and in terms of effective reduction of pollutant concentrations. In particular, non-invasive monitoring of the reagent migration and its capability to reach the target areas is a major add-on to the remediation technique. Most of the organic contaminants were decomposed, mobilized, and subsequently removed using physical recovery techniques. A considerable mass of contaminant was recovered resulting in the reduction of concentrations in the intervention areas.
2021
Contaminant remediation; hydrocarbon contamination; hydrogeophysical monitoring; light non-aqueous phase liquid desorption; pilot test; residual hydrocarbons; environmental pollution; hydrocarbons; groundwater; petroleum; water pollutants, chemical
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A field-scale remediation of residual light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL). Chemical enhancers for pump and treat / Ciampi, P.; Esposito, C.; Cassiani, G.; Deidda, G. P.; Rizzetto, P.; Papini Petrangeli, M.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0944-1344. - 28:26(2021), pp. 35286-35296. [10.1007/s11356-021-14558-2]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1573809
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