Untargeted (NMR) and targeted (RP-HPLC-PDA-ESI-MSn, RP-HPLC-FD) analytical methodologies were used to determine the bioactive components of 19 tea samples, characterized by different production processes (common tea and GABA tea), degrees of fermentation (green and oolong teas), and harvesting season (autumn and spring). The combination of NMR data and a multivariate statistical approach led to a statistical model able to discriminate between GABA and non-GABA teas and green and oolong teas. Targeted analyses showed that green and GABA green teas had similar polyphenol and caffeine contents, but the GABA level was higher in GABA green teas than in regular green tea samples. GABA oolong teas showed lower contents of polyphenols, caffeine, and amino acids, and a higher content of GABA, in comparison with non-GABA oolong teas. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that the healthy properties of teas, especially GABA teas, have to be evaluated via comprehensive metabolic profiling rather than only the GABA content.

Nmr, rp-hplc-pda-esi-msn, and rp-hplc-fd characterization of green and oolong teas (Camellia sinensis l.) / Sobolev, A. P.; Di Lorenzo, A.; Circi, S.; Santarcangelo, C.; Ingallina, C.; Daglia, M.; Mannina, L.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:17(2021), p. 5125. [10.3390/molecules26175125]

Nmr, rp-hplc-pda-esi-msn, and rp-hplc-fd characterization of green and oolong teas (Camellia sinensis l.)

Circi S.;Ingallina C.
;
Mannina L.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Untargeted (NMR) and targeted (RP-HPLC-PDA-ESI-MSn, RP-HPLC-FD) analytical methodologies were used to determine the bioactive components of 19 tea samples, characterized by different production processes (common tea and GABA tea), degrees of fermentation (green and oolong teas), and harvesting season (autumn and spring). The combination of NMR data and a multivariate statistical approach led to a statistical model able to discriminate between GABA and non-GABA teas and green and oolong teas. Targeted analyses showed that green and GABA green teas had similar polyphenol and caffeine contents, but the GABA level was higher in GABA green teas than in regular green tea samples. GABA oolong teas showed lower contents of polyphenols, caffeine, and amino acids, and a higher content of GABA, in comparison with non-GABA oolong teas. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that the healthy properties of teas, especially GABA teas, have to be evaluated via comprehensive metabolic profiling rather than only the GABA content.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1573572
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