We introduce a general formulation of the fluctuation-dissipation relations (FDRs) holding also in far-from-equilibrium stochastic dynamics. A great advantage of this version of the FDR is that it does not require explicit knowledge of the stationary probability density function. Our formula applies to Markov stochastic systems with generic noise distributions: When the noise is additive and Gaussian, the relation reduces to those known in the literature; for multiplicative and non-Gaussian distributions (e.g., Cauchy noise) it provides exact results in agreement with numerical simulations. Our formula allows us to reproduce, in a suitable small-noise limit, the response functions of deterministic, strongly nonlinear dynamical models, even in the presence of chaotic behavior: This could have important practical applications in several contexts, including geophysics and climate. As a case of study, we consider the Lorenz '63 model, which is paradigmatic for the chaotic properties of deterministic dynamical systems.

Handy fluctuation-dissipation relation to approach generic noisy systems and chaotic dynamics / Baldovin, M.; Caprini, L.; Vulpiani, A.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. E. - ISSN 2470-0045. - 104:3(2021). [10.1103/PhysRevE.104.L032101]

Handy fluctuation-dissipation relation to approach generic noisy systems and chaotic dynamics

Baldovin M.
Primo
;
Caprini L.
;
Vulpiani A.
2021

Abstract

We introduce a general formulation of the fluctuation-dissipation relations (FDRs) holding also in far-from-equilibrium stochastic dynamics. A great advantage of this version of the FDR is that it does not require explicit knowledge of the stationary probability density function. Our formula applies to Markov stochastic systems with generic noise distributions: When the noise is additive and Gaussian, the relation reduces to those known in the literature; for multiplicative and non-Gaussian distributions (e.g., Cauchy noise) it provides exact results in agreement with numerical simulations. Our formula allows us to reproduce, in a suitable small-noise limit, the response functions of deterministic, strongly nonlinear dynamical models, even in the presence of chaotic behavior: This could have important practical applications in several contexts, including geophysics and climate. As a case of study, we consider the Lorenz '63 model, which is paradigmatic for the chaotic properties of deterministic dynamical systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1571711
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