Objective: The early and short-term efficacy of the snorkel/chimney technique for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (ch-EVAR) have been previously reported. However, long-term ch-EVAR performance, vessel patency, and patient survival remain unknown. Our study evaluated the late outcomes to identify possible predictors of failure within the PERICLES (performance of the chimney technique for the treatment of complex aortic pathologies) registry. Methods: Clinical and radiographic data from patients who had undergone ch-EVAR from 2008 to 2014 in the PERICLES registry were updated with an extension of the follow-up. Regression models were used to evaluate the relevant anatomic and operative characteristics as factors influencing the late results. We focused on patients with ≥30 months of follow-up (mean, 46.6 months; range, 30-120 months). Results: A total of 517 patients from the initial PERICLES registry were included in the present analysis, from which the mean follow-up was updated from 17.1 months to 28.2 months (range, 1-120 months). All-cause mortality at the latest follow-up was 25.5% (n = 132), with an estimated patient survival of 87.6%, 74.4%, and 66.1% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. A subgroup of 244 patients with 387 chimney grafts placed (335 renal arteries, 42 superior mesenteric arteries, 10 celiac arteries) and follow-up for ≥30 months was used to analyze specific anatomic and device predictors of adverse events. In the subgroup, the technical success was 88.9%, and the primary patency was 94%, 92.8%, 92%, and 90.5% at 2.5, 3, 4, and 5 years, respectively. The mean aneurysm sac regression was 7.8 ± 11.4 mm (P <.0001). Chimney graft occlusion had occurred in 24 target vessels (6.2%). Late open conversion was required in 5 patients for endograft infection in 2, persistent type Ia endoleak in 2, and endotension in 1 patient. The absence of an infrarenal neck (odds ratio, 2.86; 95% confidence interval, 1.32-6.19; P =.007) was significantly associated with long-term device-related complications. A sealing zone diameter >30 mm was significantly associated with persistent or late type Ia endoleak (odds ratio, 4.86; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-16.59; P =.012). Conclusions: The present analysis of the PERICLES registry has provided the missing long-term experience for the ch-EVAR technique, showing favorable results with more than one half of the patients surviving for >5 years and a chimney graft branch vessel patency of 92%. The absence of an infrarenal neck and treatment with a sealing zone diameter >30 mm were the main anatomic long-term limits of the technique, requiring adequate preoperative planning and determination of the appropriate indication.

Long-term chimney/snorkel endovascular aortic aneurysm repair experience for complex abdominal aortic pathologies within the PERICLES registry / Taneva, G. T.; Lee, J. T.; Tran, K.; Dalman, R.; Torsello, G.; Fazzini, S.; Veith, F. J.; Donas, K. P.. - In: JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0741-5214. - 73:6(2020), pp. 1942-1949. [10.1016/j.jvs.2020.10.086]

Long-term chimney/snorkel endovascular aortic aneurysm repair experience for complex abdominal aortic pathologies within the PERICLES registry

Fazzini S.;
2020

Abstract

Objective: The early and short-term efficacy of the snorkel/chimney technique for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (ch-EVAR) have been previously reported. However, long-term ch-EVAR performance, vessel patency, and patient survival remain unknown. Our study evaluated the late outcomes to identify possible predictors of failure within the PERICLES (performance of the chimney technique for the treatment of complex aortic pathologies) registry. Methods: Clinical and radiographic data from patients who had undergone ch-EVAR from 2008 to 2014 in the PERICLES registry were updated with an extension of the follow-up. Regression models were used to evaluate the relevant anatomic and operative characteristics as factors influencing the late results. We focused on patients with ≥30 months of follow-up (mean, 46.6 months; range, 30-120 months). Results: A total of 517 patients from the initial PERICLES registry were included in the present analysis, from which the mean follow-up was updated from 17.1 months to 28.2 months (range, 1-120 months). All-cause mortality at the latest follow-up was 25.5% (n = 132), with an estimated patient survival of 87.6%, 74.4%, and 66.1% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. A subgroup of 244 patients with 387 chimney grafts placed (335 renal arteries, 42 superior mesenteric arteries, 10 celiac arteries) and follow-up for ≥30 months was used to analyze specific anatomic and device predictors of adverse events. In the subgroup, the technical success was 88.9%, and the primary patency was 94%, 92.8%, 92%, and 90.5% at 2.5, 3, 4, and 5 years, respectively. The mean aneurysm sac regression was 7.8 ± 11.4 mm (P <.0001). Chimney graft occlusion had occurred in 24 target vessels (6.2%). Late open conversion was required in 5 patients for endograft infection in 2, persistent type Ia endoleak in 2, and endotension in 1 patient. The absence of an infrarenal neck (odds ratio, 2.86; 95% confidence interval, 1.32-6.19; P =.007) was significantly associated with long-term device-related complications. A sealing zone diameter >30 mm was significantly associated with persistent or late type Ia endoleak (odds ratio, 4.86; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-16.59; P =.012). Conclusions: The present analysis of the PERICLES registry has provided the missing long-term experience for the ch-EVAR technique, showing favorable results with more than one half of the patients surviving for >5 years and a chimney graft branch vessel patency of 92%. The absence of an infrarenal neck and treatment with a sealing zone diameter >30 mm were the main anatomic long-term limits of the technique, requiring adequate preoperative planning and determination of the appropriate indication.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1570879
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