We study epidemic Susceptible–Infected–Susceptible (SIS) models in the fractional setting. The novelty is to consider models in which the susceptible and infected populations evolve according to different fractional orders. We study a model based on the Caputo derivative, for which we establish existence results of the solutions. Furthermore, we investigate a model based on the Caputo–Fabrizio operator, for which we provide existence of solutions and a study of the equilibria. Both models can be framed in the context of SIS models with time-varying total population, in which the competition between birth and death rates is macroscopically described by the fractional orders of the derivatives. Numerical simulations for both models and a direct numerical comparison are also provided.

Effects of fractional derivatives with different orders in SIS epidemic models / Balzotti, C.; D'Ovidio, M.; Lai, A. C.; Loreti, P.. - In: COMPUTATION. - ISSN 2079-3197. - 9:8(2021), p. 89. [10.3390/computation9080089]

Effects of fractional derivatives with different orders in SIS epidemic models

Balzotti C.;D'Ovidio M.;Lai A. C.
;
Loreti P.
2021

Abstract

We study epidemic Susceptible–Infected–Susceptible (SIS) models in the fractional setting. The novelty is to consider models in which the susceptible and infected populations evolve according to different fractional orders. We study a model based on the Caputo derivative, for which we establish existence results of the solutions. Furthermore, we investigate a model based on the Caputo–Fabrizio operator, for which we provide existence of solutions and a study of the equilibria. Both models can be framed in the context of SIS models with time-varying total population, in which the competition between birth and death rates is macroscopically described by the fractional orders of the derivatives. Numerical simulations for both models and a direct numerical comparison are also provided.
Caputo derivative; Caputo–Fabrizio operator; susceptible–infected–susceptible (SIS) models
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Effects of fractional derivatives with different orders in SIS epidemic models / Balzotti, C.; D'Ovidio, M.; Lai, A. C.; Loreti, P.. - In: COMPUTATION. - ISSN 2079-3197. - 9:8(2021), p. 89. [10.3390/computation9080089]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1567222
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