Groundwater remediation is one of the main objectives to minimize environmental impacts and health risks. Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons contamination is prevalent and presents particularly challenging scenarios to manage with a single strategy. Different technologies can manage contamination sources and plumes, although they are usually energy-intensive processes. Interesting alternatives involve in-situ bioremediation strategies, which allow the chlorinated contaminant to be converted into non-toxic compounds by indigenous microbial activity. Despite several advantages offered by the bioremediation approaches, some limitations, like the relatively low reaction rates and the difficulty in the management and control of the microbial activity, can affect the effectiveness of a bioremediation approach. However, those issues can be addressed through coupling different strategies to increase the efficiency of the bioremediation strategy. This mini review describes different strategies to induce the reduction dechlorination reaction by the utilization of innovative strategies, which include the increase or the reduction of contaminant mobility as well as the use of innovative strategies of the reductive power supply. Subsequently, three future approaches for a greener and more sustainable intervention are proposed. In particular, two bio-based materials from renewable resources are intended as alternative, long-lasting electron-donor sources (e.g., polyhydroxyalkanoates from mixed microbial cultures) and a low-cost adsorbent (e.g., biochar from bio-waste). Finally, attention is drawn to novel bio-electrochemical systems that use electric current to stimulate biological reactions.

Combined strategies to prompt the biological reduction of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons. New sustainable options for bioremediation application / Rossi, Marta Maria; Dell’Armi, Edoardo; Lorini, Laura; Amanat, Neda; Zeppilli, Marco; Villano, Marianna; Petrangeli Papini, Marco. - In: BIOENGINEERING. - ISSN 2306-5354. - 8:8(2021). [10.3390/bioengineering8080109]

Combined strategies to prompt the biological reduction of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons. New sustainable options for bioremediation application

Marta Maria Rossi
;
Dell’Armi Edoardo;Lorini Laura;Amanat Neda;Zeppilli Marco;Villano Marianna;Petrangeli Papini Marco
2021

Abstract

Groundwater remediation is one of the main objectives to minimize environmental impacts and health risks. Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons contamination is prevalent and presents particularly challenging scenarios to manage with a single strategy. Different technologies can manage contamination sources and plumes, although they are usually energy-intensive processes. Interesting alternatives involve in-situ bioremediation strategies, which allow the chlorinated contaminant to be converted into non-toxic compounds by indigenous microbial activity. Despite several advantages offered by the bioremediation approaches, some limitations, like the relatively low reaction rates and the difficulty in the management and control of the microbial activity, can affect the effectiveness of a bioremediation approach. However, those issues can be addressed through coupling different strategies to increase the efficiency of the bioremediation strategy. This mini review describes different strategies to induce the reduction dechlorination reaction by the utilization of innovative strategies, which include the increase or the reduction of contaminant mobility as well as the use of innovative strategies of the reductive power supply. Subsequently, three future approaches for a greener and more sustainable intervention are proposed. In particular, two bio-based materials from renewable resources are intended as alternative, long-lasting electron-donor sources (e.g., polyhydroxyalkanoates from mixed microbial cultures) and a low-cost adsorbent (e.g., biochar from bio-waste). Finally, attention is drawn to novel bio-electrochemical systems that use electric current to stimulate biological reactions.
reductive dechlorination; groundwater circulation well; polyhydroxyalkanoates; bioelectrochemical systems; bioremediation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Combined strategies to prompt the biological reduction of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons. New sustainable options for bioremediation application / Rossi, Marta Maria; Dell’Armi, Edoardo; Lorini, Laura; Amanat, Neda; Zeppilli, Marco; Villano, Marianna; Petrangeli Papini, Marco. - In: BIOENGINEERING. - ISSN 2306-5354. - 8:8(2021). [10.3390/bioengineering8080109]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1567058
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