Objective/background: Poor sleep hygiene is considered an exacerbating and perpetuating factor of sleep disturbances and is also associated with poor mental health. The Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI) is a self-report measure assessing adherence to sleep hygiene practices. The aim of this study was to estimate the psychometric properties of the SHI in an Italian representative sample of the general population, following a formative measurement approach. Patients/methods: Participants (n = 6276; M = 33.62, SD = 13.45) completed the SHI alongside measures of sleep disturbance, depression, anxiety, and stress. To consider the item formative nature, sets of item-composites weighted by means of canonical correlation analysis was created and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was implemented. Factorial invariance tests were computed considering both presence of sleep problems and presence of emotional distress symptoms as grouping variables. Results and conclusions: CFA confirmed the unidimensional structure of SHI. Internal consistency was acceptable (ω = 0.752). Test-retest reliability at 8–10 months presented an ICC of 0.666. SHI significantly correlated with sleep, depression, anxiety and stress symptoms (r range from 0.358 to 0.500). Configural and metric invariance were reached for both grouping variables. Partial scalar invariance was obtained only across emotional distress groups. People with emotional symptoms reported higher latent means on the sleep hygiene dimension. Findings support the validity and reliability of the Italian version of the SHI. Importantly, the SHI showed robust psychometric properties both in healthy individuals and in individual reporting mental health symptoms. Thus, it is advisable to use this version of the SHI in both research and clinical practice.

Psychometric properties of the Sleep Hygiene Index in a large Italian community sample / Zagaria, A.; Ballesio, A.; Musetti, A.; Lenzo, V.; Quattropani, M. C.; Borghi, L.; Margherita, G.; Saita, E.; Castelnuovo, G.; Filosa, M.; Palagini, L.; Plazzi, G.; Lombardo, C.; Franceschini, C.. - In: SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1389-9457. - 84:(2021), pp. 362-367. [10.1016/j.sleep.2021.06.021]

Psychometric properties of the Sleep Hygiene Index in a large Italian community sample

Zagaria A.
Primo
;
Ballesio A.
Secondo
;
Lombardo C.;
2021

Abstract

Objective/background: Poor sleep hygiene is considered an exacerbating and perpetuating factor of sleep disturbances and is also associated with poor mental health. The Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI) is a self-report measure assessing adherence to sleep hygiene practices. The aim of this study was to estimate the psychometric properties of the SHI in an Italian representative sample of the general population, following a formative measurement approach. Patients/methods: Participants (n = 6276; M = 33.62, SD = 13.45) completed the SHI alongside measures of sleep disturbance, depression, anxiety, and stress. To consider the item formative nature, sets of item-composites weighted by means of canonical correlation analysis was created and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was implemented. Factorial invariance tests were computed considering both presence of sleep problems and presence of emotional distress symptoms as grouping variables. Results and conclusions: CFA confirmed the unidimensional structure of SHI. Internal consistency was acceptable (ω = 0.752). Test-retest reliability at 8–10 months presented an ICC of 0.666. SHI significantly correlated with sleep, depression, anxiety and stress symptoms (r range from 0.358 to 0.500). Configural and metric invariance were reached for both grouping variables. Partial scalar invariance was obtained only across emotional distress groups. People with emotional symptoms reported higher latent means on the sleep hygiene dimension. Findings support the validity and reliability of the Italian version of the SHI. Importantly, the SHI showed robust psychometric properties both in healthy individuals and in individual reporting mental health symptoms. Thus, it is advisable to use this version of the SHI in both research and clinical practice.
factorial analysis; insomnia; sleep hygiene; validation; humans; Italy; psychometrics; reproducibility of results; surveys and questionnaires
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Psychometric properties of the Sleep Hygiene Index in a large Italian community sample / Zagaria, A.; Ballesio, A.; Musetti, A.; Lenzo, V.; Quattropani, M. C.; Borghi, L.; Margherita, G.; Saita, E.; Castelnuovo, G.; Filosa, M.; Palagini, L.; Plazzi, G.; Lombardo, C.; Franceschini, C.. - In: SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1389-9457. - 84:(2021), pp. 362-367. [10.1016/j.sleep.2021.06.021]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1566922
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