Bees and their products are useful bioindicators of anthropogenic activities and could overcome the deficiencies of air quality networks. Among the environmental contaminants, mercury (Hg) is a toxic metal that can accumulate in living organisms. The first aim of this study was to develop a simple analytical method to determine Hg in small mass samples of bees and beehive products by cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The proposed method was optimized for about 0.02 g bee, pollen, propolis, and royal jelly, 0.05 g beeswax and honey, or 0.1 g honeydew with 0.5 mL HCl, 0.2 mL HNO3, and 0.1 mL H2O2 in a water bath (95 ◦C, 30 min); samples were made up to a final volume of 5 mL deionized water. The method limits sample manipulation and the reagent mixture volume used. Detection limits were lower than 3 µg kg−1 for a sample mass of 0.02 g, and recoveries and precision were within 20% of the expected value and less than 10%, respectively, for many matrices. The second aim of the present study was to evaluate the proposed method’s performances on real samples collected in six areas of the Lazio region in Italy.

An analytical method for the biomonitoring of mercury in bees and beehive products by cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry / Astolfi, Maria Luisa; Conti, Marcelo Enrique; Ristorini, Martina; Frezzini, Maria Agostina; Papi, Marco; Massimi, Lorenzo; Canepari, Silvia. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:16(2021). [10.3390/molecules26164878]

An analytical method for the biomonitoring of mercury in bees and beehive products by cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry

Astolfi, Maria Luisa
Primo
;
Conti, Marcelo Enrique;Ristorini, Martina;Frezzini, Maria Agostina;Massimi, Lorenzo;Canepari, Silvia
2021

Abstract

Bees and their products are useful bioindicators of anthropogenic activities and could overcome the deficiencies of air quality networks. Among the environmental contaminants, mercury (Hg) is a toxic metal that can accumulate in living organisms. The first aim of this study was to develop a simple analytical method to determine Hg in small mass samples of bees and beehive products by cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The proposed method was optimized for about 0.02 g bee, pollen, propolis, and royal jelly, 0.05 g beeswax and honey, or 0.1 g honeydew with 0.5 mL HCl, 0.2 mL HNO3, and 0.1 mL H2O2 in a water bath (95 ◦C, 30 min); samples were made up to a final volume of 5 mL deionized water. The method limits sample manipulation and the reagent mixture volume used. Detection limits were lower than 3 µg kg−1 for a sample mass of 0.02 g, and recoveries and precision were within 20% of the expected value and less than 10%, respectively, for many matrices. The second aim of the present study was to evaluate the proposed method’s performances on real samples collected in six areas of the Lazio region in Italy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1565213
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